# recode

##### Recode values

This is a vectorised version of `switch()`

: you can replace
numeric values based on their position, and character values by their
name. This is an S3 generic: dplyr provides methods for numeric, character,
and factors. For logical vectors, use `if_else()`

. For more complicated
criteria, use `case_when()`

.

##### Usage

`recode(.x, ..., .default = NULL, .missing = NULL)`recode_factor(.x, ..., .default = NULL, .missing = NULL,
.ordered = FALSE)

##### Arguments

- .x
A vector to modify

- ...
Replacements. These should be named for character and factor

`.x`

, and can be named for numeric`.x`

. The argument names should be the current values to be replaced, and the argument values should be the new (replacement) values.All replacements must be the same type, and must have either length one or the same length as x.

These dots support tidy dots features.

- .default
If supplied, all values not otherwise matched will be given this value. If not supplied and if the replacements are the same type as the original values in

`.x`

, unmatched values are not changed. If not supplied and if the replacements are not compatible, unmatched values are replaced with`NA`

.`.default`

must be either length 1 or the same length as`.x`

.- .missing
If supplied, any missing values in

`.x`

will be replaced by this value. Must be either length 1 or the same length as`.x`

.- .ordered
If

`TRUE`

,`recode_factor()`

creates an ordered factor.

##### Details

You can use `recode()`

directly with factors; it will preserve the existing
order of levels while changing the values. Alternatively, you can
use `recode_factor()`

, which will change the order of levels to match
the order of replacements. See the forcats
package for more tools for working with factors and their levels.

##### Value

A vector the same length as `.x`

, and the same type as
the first of `...`

, `.default`

, or `.missing`

.
`recode_factor()`

returns a factor whose levels are in the
same order as in `...`

.

##### Examples

```
# NOT RUN {
# Recode values with named arguments
x <- sample(c("a", "b", "c"), 10, replace = TRUE)
recode(x, a = "Apple")
recode(x, a = "Apple", .default = NA_character_)
# Named arguments also work with numeric values
x <- c(1:5, NA)
recode(x, `2` = 20L, `4` = 40L)
# Note that if the replacements are not compatible with .x,
# unmatched values are replaced by NA and a warning is issued.
recode(x, `2` = "b", `4` = "d")
# If you don't name the arguments, recode() matches by position
recode(x, "a", "b", "c")
recode(x, "a", "b", "c", .default = "other")
recode(x, "a", "b", "c", .default = "other", .missing = "missing")
# Use a named list for unquote splicing with !!!
x <- sample(c("a", "b", "c"), 10, replace = TRUE)
level_key <- list(a = "apple", b = "banana", c = "carrot")
recode(x, !!!level_key)
# Supply default with levels() for factors
x <- factor(c("a", "b", "c"))
recode(x, a = "Apple", .default = levels(x))
# Use recode_factor() to create factors with levels ordered as they
# appear in the recode call. The levels in .default and .missing
# come last.
x <- c(1:4, NA)
recode_factor(x, `1` = "z", `2` = "y", `3` = "x")
recode_factor(x, `1` = "z", `2` = "y", .default = "D")
recode_factor(x, `1` = "z", `2` = "y", .default = "D", .missing = "M")
# When the input vector is a compatible vector (character vector or
# factor), it is reused as default.
recode_factor(letters[1:3], b = "z", c = "y")
recode_factor(factor(letters[1:3]), b = "z", c = "y")
# Use a named list to recode factor with unquote splicing.
x <- sample(c("a", "b", "c"), 10, replace = TRUE)
level_key <- list(a = "apple", b = "banana", c = "carrot")
recode_factor(x, !!!level_key)
# }
```

*Documentation reproduced from package dplyr, version 0.7.8, License: MIT + file LICENSE*