# Data Science for Psychologists (ds4psy)

Welcome to the R package **ds4psy** — a software companion to the book
and course Data Science for
Psychologists.

This R package provides datasets and functions used in the ds4psy book and course. The book and course introduce the principles and methods of data science for students of psychology and other biological or social sciences.

## Installation

The current release of **ds4psy** is available from
CRAN at
https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=ds4psy:

```
install.packages('ds4psy') # install ds4psy from CRAN client
library('ds4psy') # load to use the package
```

The current development version of **ds4psy** can be installed from its
GitHub repository at
https://github.com/hneth/ds4psy/:

```
# install.packages('devtools') # (if not installed yet)
devtools::install_github('hneth/ds4psy')
library('ds4psy') # load to use the package
```

The most recent version of the ds4psy book is available at https://bookdown.org/hneth/ds4psy/.

## Course Coordinates

- PSY-15150, at the University of Konstanz is taught by Hansjörg Neth, Social Psychology and Decision Sciences, office D507).
- The ds4psy book with examples and exercises is available at https://bookdown.org/hneth/ds4psy/.
- The ds4psy R package is available at https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=ds4psy.

## Description

This book and course provide an introduction to data science that is tailored to the needs of students in psychology, but is also suitable for students of the humanities and other biological or social sciences. This audience typically has some knowledge of statistics, but rarely an idea how data is prepared and shaped to allow for statistical testing. By using various data types and working with many examples, we teach tools for transforming, summarizing, and visualizing data. By keeping our eyes open for the perils of misleading representations, the book fosters fundamental skills of data literacy and cultivates reproducible research practices that enable and precede any practical use of statistics.

### Audience

Students of psychology and other social sciences are trained to analyze data. But the data they learn to work with (e.g., in courses on statistics and empirical research methods) is typically provided to them and structured in a (rectangular or “tidy”) format that presupposes many steps of data processing regarding the aggregation and spatial layout of variables. When beginning to collect their own data, students inevitably struggle with these pre-processing steps which — even for experienced data scientists — tend to require more time and effort than choosing and conducting statistical tests.

This course develops the foundations of data analysis that allow students to collect data from real-world sources and transform and shape such data to answer scientific and practical questions. Although there are many good introductions to data science (e.g., Grolemund & Wickham, 2017) they typically do not take into account the special needs — and often anxieties and reservations — of psychology students. As social scientists are not computer scientists, we introduce new concepts and commands without assuming a mathematical or computational background. Adopting a task-oriented perspective, we begin with a specific problem and then solve it with some combination of data collection, manipulation, and visualization.

### Goals

Our main goal is to develop a set of useful skills in analyzing real-world data and conducting reproducible research. Upon completing this course, you will be able to use R to read, transform, analyze, and visualize data of various types. Many interactive exercises allow students to continuously check their understanding, practice their skills, and monitor their progress.

### Requirements

This course assumes some basic familiarity with statistics and the R programming language, but enthusiastic programming novices are also welcome.

## Resources

This package and the corresponding book are still being developed and are updated as new materials become available.

A current version of the book is available at https://bookdown.org/hneth/ds4psy/.

There are 2 GitHub repositories to be distinguished:

The repository for the ds4psy book is https://github.com/hneth/ds4psy (with an additional suffix

`_book`

).The repository for the ds4psy package is https://github.com/hneth/ds4psy.

## References

### Course materials

- A current version of Data science for
psychologists is available
online at

https://bookdown.org/hneth/ds4psy/.

The book and course was originally based on the following textbook:

- Wickham, H., & Grolemund, G. (2017).
*R for data science: Import, tidy, transform, visualize, and model data.*Sebastopol, Canada: O’Reilly Media, Inc. [Available online at https://r4ds.had.co.nz.]

### Software

Please install the following open-source programs on your computer:

R Studio is an integrated development environment (IDE) for R.

```
# Tidyverse packages:
install.packages('tidyverse')
# Course packages:
install.packages('ds4psy') # datasets and functions
install.packages('unikn') # color palettes and functions
```

### Other resources

#### R manuals and books

See the books on R and data science available on https://bookdown.org/.

#### RStudio resources

RStudio IDE, R Markdown, and various cheat sheets

Tidyverse resources:

- See https://www.tidyverse.org/blog/ for current developments
- See https://www.tidyverse.org/learn/ for learning resources

- See also the link collections at the end of each chapter of the ds4psy book.

## About

If you find these materials useful, or want to adopt or alter them for your purposes, please let me know.

### Citation

To cite **ds4psy** in derivations and publications, please use:

- Neth, H. (2022). ds4psy: Data Science for Psychologists.

Social Psychology and Decision Sciences, University of Konstanz, Germany.

Textbook and R package (version 0.9.0, October 20, 2022).

Retrieved from https://bookdown.org/hneth/ds4psy/.

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7229812

A **BibTeX** entry for LaTeX users is:

```
@Manual{ds4psy,
title = {ds4psy: Data Science for Psychologists},
author = {Hansjörg Neth},
year = {2022},
organization = {Social Psychology and Decision Sciences, University of Konstanz},
address = {Konstanz, Germany},
note = {Textbook and R package (version 0.9.0, October 20, 2022)},
url = {https://bookdown.org/hneth/ds4psy/},
doi = {10.5281/zenodo.7229812}
}
```

The URL of the **ds4psy** R package is
https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=ds4psy.

### License

**Data
science for psychologists** (**ds4psy**) by
Hansjörg
Neth is licensed under a
Creative
Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
License.

[File `README.md`

updated on 2022-10-20.]