dse (version R2000.6-1)

simulate: Simulate a TSmodel


Simulate a model to produce artificial data.


simulate(model, input=NULL, input0=NULL,
	    sampleT=100, start. = NULL, freq = NULL, 
	    noise=NULL, noise.model=NULL,sd=1, SIGMA=NULL,
	    rng=NULL, compiled=.DSECOMPILED)


An object of class TSmodel or TSestModel.
Data for the exogenous variable if specified in the model.
The length of the sample to simulate.
start. date for resulting data.
freq for resulting data.
y0, input0
Lagged values prior to t=1 for y and u, in reverse order so y0[1,] and input0[1,]correspond to t=0. These arguments are not implemented for state space models. If not specified initial values are set to zero.
Noise can be supplied. Otherwise it will be generated. If supplied it should be a list as described below under returned value.
The covariance of the noise process. If this is specified then sd is ignored. A vector or scalar is treated as a diagonal matrix. For an object of class TSestModel, if neither SIGMA nor sd are specified, then SIGMA is set to the estimated covariance (mod
The standard deviation of the noise. This can be a vector.
A TSmodel to be used for generating noise (not yet supported by SS methods).
The random number generator and seed can be specified to regenerate a simulation.
The seed can be specified to regenerate a simulation. (rng is better.)


  • The value returned is an object of class TSdata which can be supplied as an argument to estimation routines. (See TSdata). In addition to the usual elements (see the description of a TSdata object) there are some additional elements: $model- the generating model, $rng - the initial RNG and seed, $version - the version of S used (random number generators may vary) $SIGMA as specified $sd as specified $noise - a list of $e, $w and $w0 - the noise processes. $w0 is w for t=0 in the state space model and prior lags in ARMA models. For VAR models B has no lags so w0 has no effect. $state - the state variable for state space models.


A state space or ARMA model as described in TSmodel is simulated with pseudo random noise (The default noise is a normally distributed processes. An object of class TSdata is returned. This can be used as input to estimation algorithms. If start. and freq are specified, or if input or noise$w (in that order) have time series properties, these are given to the output. If $w0 is supplied as a matrix (rather than a vector) for a state space model simulation (as it is for ARMA simulations) then it is set to a vector of zeros. This provides compatability with VAR models (ARMA models with no lags in B). In general ARMA and SS simulations will not produce exactly the same results because it is impossible to determine necessary transformation of initial conditions and w0. The rng will be set first if it is specified.

See Also

TSmodel, TSdata


if(is.R()) data("eg1.DSE.data.diff", package="dse1")
model <- est.VARX.ls(eg1.DSE.data.diff)
z <- simulate(model)