dtwPlotThreeWay

0th

Percentile

Plotting of dynamic time warp results: annotated warping function

Display the query and reference time series and their warping curve, arranged for visual inspection.

Keywords
hplot
Usage
dtwPlotThreeWay(d,xts=NULL,yts=NULL, type.align="l",type.ts="l", match.indices=NULL, margin=4, inner.margin=0.2, title.margin=1.5, xlab="Query index",ylab="Reference index",main="Timeseries alignment", ... )
Arguments
d
an alignment result, object of class dtw
xts
query vector
yts
reference vector
xlab
label for the query axis
ylab
label for the reference axis
main
main title
type.align
line style for warping curve plot
type.ts
line style for timeseries plot
match.indices
indices for which to draw a visual guide
margin
outer figure margin
inner.margin
inner figure margin
title.margin
space on the top of figure
...
additional arguments, used for the warping curve
Details


The query time series is plotted in the bottom panel, with indices growing rightwards and values upwards. Reference is in the left panel, indices growing upwards and values leftwards. The warping curve panel matches indices, and therefore element (1,1) will be at the lower left, (N,M) at the upper right.
Argument match.indices is used to draw a visual guide to matches; if a vector is given, guides are drawn for the corresponding indices in the warping curve (match lines). If integer, it is used as the number of guides to be plotted. The corresponding style is customized via the match.col and match.lty arguments.
If xts and yts are not supplied, they will be recovered from d, as long as it was created with the two-argument call of dtw with keep.internals=T. Only single-variate time series can be plotted.

Warning

The function is incompatible with mechanisms for arranging plots on a device: par(mfrow), layout and split.screen. Appearance of the match lines and timeseries currently can not be customized.

Aliases
  • dtwPlotThreeWay
Examples

## A noisy sine wave as query
## A cosine is for reference; sin and cos are offset by 25 samples

idx<-seq(0,6.28,len=100);
query<-sin(idx)+runif(100)/10;
reference<-cos(idx)
dtw(query,reference,keep=TRUE)->alignment;


## Beware of the reference's y axis, may be confusing
## Equivalent to plot(alignment,type="three");
dtwPlotThreeWay(alignment);


## Highlight matches of chosen QUERY indices. We will do some index
## arithmetics to recover the corresponding indices along the warping
## curve

hq <- (0:8)/8              
hq <- round(hq*100)      #  indices in query for  pi/4 .. 7/4 pi

hw <- (alignment$index1 %in% hq)   # where are they on the w. curve?
hi <- (1:length(alignment$index1))[hw];   # get the indices of TRUE elems

dtwPlotThreeWay(alignment,match.indices=hi);

Documentation reproduced from package dtw, version 1.18-1, License: GPL (>= 2)

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