earth (version 5.3.0)

expand.bpairs: Expand binomial-pair data from short to long form


Expand binomial-pair data from ``short'' to ``long'' form.

The short form specifies the response with two columns giving the numbers of successes and failures. Example short form:

    survived died dose    sex
           3    0   10   male
           2    1   10 female
           1    2   20   male
           1    2   20 female

The long form specifies the response as single column of TRUEs and FALSEs. For example, the long form of the above data (spaces and comments added):

    survived dose    sex
        TRUE   10   male     # row 1 of short data: 0 died, 3 survived
        TRUE   10   male
        TRUE   10   male

FALSE 10 female # row 2 of short data: 1 died, 2 survived TRUE 10 female TRUE 10 female

FALSE 20 male # row 3 of short data: 2 died, 1 survived FALSE 20 male TRUE 20 male

FALSE 20 female # row 4 of short data: 2 died, 1 survived FALSE 20 female TRUE 20 female

In this example the total number of survived and died for each row in the short data is the same, but in general that need not be true.


# S3 method for formula
expand.bpairs(formula = stop("no 'formula' argument"), data = NULL, sort = FALSE, …)

# S3 method for default expand.bpairs(data = stop("no 'data' argument"), y = NULL, sort = FALSE, …)



Model formula such as survived + died ~ dose + temp.


Matrix or dataframe containing the data.


Model response. One of:

o Two column matrix or dataframe of binomial pairs e.g. cbind(survived, died=20-survived)

o Two-element numeric vector specifying the response columns in data e.g. c(1,2)

o Two-element character vector specifying the response column names in data e.g. c("survived", "died"). The full names must be used (partial matching isn't supported).


Default FALSE. Use TRUE to sort the rows of the long data so it is returned in canonical form, independent of the row order of the short data. The long data is sorted on predictor values; predictors on the left take precedence in the sort order.

Unused, but provided for generic/method consistency.


A dataframe of the data in the long form, with expanded binomial pairs. The first column of the data will be the response column (a column of TRUEs and FALSEs).

Additionally, the returned value has two attached attributes:

bpairs.index A vector of row indices into the returned data. Can be used to reconstruct the short data from the long data (although this package does not yet provide a function to do so).

ynames Column names of the original response (a two-element character vector).


survived <- c(3,2,1,1) # short data for demo (too short to build a real model)
died     <- c(0,1,2,2)
dose <- c(10,10,20,20)
sex  <- factor(c("male", "female", "male", "female")) <- data.frame(survived, died, dose, sex)

expand.bpairs(survived + died ~ ., # returns long form of the data

# expand.bpairs(, y=cbind(survived, died)) # equivalent
# expand.bpairs(, c(1,2))                       # equivalent
# expand.bpairs(, c("survived", "died"))        # equivalent

# For example models, see the earth vignette
# section "Short versus long binomial data".
# }