# nops_eval

0th

Percentile

##### Evaluate NOPS Exams

Evaluate NOPS exams produced with exams2nops, and scanned by nops_scan.

Keywords
utilities
##### Usage
nops_eval(register = dir(pattern = "\\.csv$"), solutions = dir(pattern = "\\.rds$"),
scans = dir(pattern = "^nops_scan_[[:digit:]]*\\.zip$"), points = NULL, eval = exams_eval(partial = TRUE, negative = FALSE, rule = "false2"), mark = c(0.5, 0.6, 0.75, 0.85), labels = NULL, dir = ".", results = "nops_eval", file = NULL, flavor = NULL, language = "en", interactive = TRUE, string_scans = dir(pattern = "^nops_string_scan_[[:digit:]]*\\.zip$"),
string_points = seq(0, 1, 0.25),
…)  nops_eval_write(results = "nops_eval.csv", file = "exam_eval",
dir = ".", language = "en", converter = NULL,
col = hcl(c(0, 0, 60, 120), c(70, 0, 70, 70), 90), encoding = "UTF-8",
html = NULL)
##### Arguments
register

character. File name of a CSV file (semicolon-separated) of the registered students. Must contain columns "registration" (registration number), "name" (student name), "id" (some user name or other string unique for each student). The file name should not contain spaces, umlaut or other special characters (e.g., something like "exam-2015-07-01.csv" is recommended).

solutions

character. File name of the RDS exam file produced by exams2nops.

scans

character. File name of the ZIP file with scanning results (containing Daten.txt and PNG files) as produced by nops_scan.

points

numeric. Vector of points per exercise. By default read from solutions.

eval

list specification of evaluation policy as computed by exams_eval.

mark

logical or numeric. If mark = FALSE, no marks are computed. Otherwise mark needs to be a numeric vector with threshold values to compute marks. The thresholds can either be relative (all lower than 1) or absolute. In case results exactly matching a threshold, the better mark is used.

labels

character. Vector of labels for the marks with length(mark) + 1 elements. Default is (length(mark) + 1):1.

dir

character. File path to the output directory (the default being the current working directory).

results

character. Prefix for output files.

file

character. File name for individual report files, in the default nops_eval_write the same as register with suffix .html.

flavor

character. Rather than using the default nops_eval_write it is possible to call nops_eval_write_<flavor>. Currently, only the default writer is available but other formats are planned (e.g., Moodle).

language

character. Path to a DCF file with a language specification. Currently, the package ships: English ("en"), Dutch ("nl"), French ("fr"), German ("de"), Italian ("it"), Romanian ("ro"), Portuguese ("pt"), Spanish ("es"), Turkish ("tr").

interactive

logical. Should possible errors in the Daten.txt file by corrected interactively? Requires the png package for full interactivity.

string_scans

character. Optional file name of the ZIP file with scanning results of string exercise sheets (if any) containing Daten2.txt and PNG files as produced by nops_scan.

string_points

numeric. Vector of length 5 with points assigned to string results, multiplied with the points for the corresponding exercises.

further optional arguments passed from nops_eval to nops_eval_write (or any other nops_eval_write_<flavor>).

converter

character. The HTML converter to be used for the language text elements. Can be "none", "tth", or "pandoc".

col

character. Hex color codes used for exercises with negative, neutral, positive, full solution.

encoding

character. Encoding of register, e.g., "latin1" or "UTF-8" (default).

html

character. Alternative specifciation of the file name for the individual HTML report files. As html was used rather than file in earlier versions of the package, html is preserved as an argument and overwrites file if specified.

##### Details

nops_eval is a companion function for exams2nops and nops_scan. It evaluates the scanned exams by computing the sums of the points achived and (if desired) maps them to marks. Furthermore a HTML report for each individual student is generated by default (e.g., for upload into a learning management system).

Tutorial for NOPS workflow: http://www.R-exams.org/tutorials/exams2nops/.

##### Value

A data.frame with the detailed exam results is returned invisibly. It is also written to a CSV file in the current directory, by default along with a ZIP file containing HTML reports.

exams2nops, nops_scan

##### Aliases
• nops_eval
• nops_eval_write
##### Examples
# NOT RUN {
## --- Preliminaries ---

## load package and enforce par(ask = FALSE)
library("exams")

## set up a temporary working directory in which all files are managed
odir <- getwd()
dir.create(mydir <- tempfile())
setwd(mydir)

## --- Step 1 ---
## exam generation

## define an exam (= list of exercises)
myexam <- list(
"tstat2.Rnw",
"ttest.Rnw",
"relfreq.Rnw",
"anova.Rnw",
c("boxplots.Rnw", "scatterplot.Rnw"),
"cholesky.Rnw"
)

## create multiple exams on the disk with different numbers of points
## per exercise (see ?exams2nops for more examples)
set.seed(403)
ex1 <- exams2nops(myexam, n = 2, dir = ".", date = "2015-07-29",
points = c(1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3), showpoints = TRUE)
dir()

## assume the PDF exams were already printed (and possibly backed up
## in a different directory) so that they are not needed anymore
file.remove(dir(pattern = "pdf$")) ## --- Step 2 --- ## scan results ## assume two participants filled out the printed exam sheets ## and the corresponding scans are in two PNG files, img <- dir(system.file("nops", package = "exams"), pattern = "nops_scan", full.names = TRUE) ## copy the PNG files to the working directory file.copy(img, to = ".") ## read the scanned images (all locally available .png files) and collect ## results in a ZIP archive (see ?nops_scan for more details) nops_scan() dir() ## the ZIP archive contains copies of the PNG images so that these are ## can be deleted here (possibly after backup in a different directory) file.remove(dir(pattern = "png$"))

## -- Step 3 ---
## evaluate results

## three files are required: (a) an RDS file with the exam meta-information
## (see Step 1), (b) a ZIP file with the scanned sheets (see Step 2), (c) a
## CSV file with the student infomation (registration number, name, and some
## for of ID/username)

## here we create the CSV file on the fly but in practice this will typically
## be processed from some registration service or learning management system etc
write.table(data.frame(
registration = c("1501090", "9901071"),
name = c("Jane Doe", "Ambi Dexter"),
id = c("jane_doe", "ambi_dexter")
), file = "Exam-2015-07-29.csv", sep = ";", quote = FALSE, row.names = FALSE)
dir()
## now the exam can be evaluated creating an output data frame (also stored
## as CSV file) and individual HTML reports (stored in a ZIP file),

## as there is only exactly on CSV/RDS/ZIP file in the current directory,
## these are found automatically - furthermore an evaluation scheme without
## partial points and differing points per exercise are used
ev1 <- nops_eval(eval = exams_eval(partial = FALSE, negative = FALSE))
dir()

## inspect evaluated data
ev1

## inspect corresponding HTML reports
if(interactive()) {
unzip("nops_eval.zip")
browseURL(file.path(mydir, "jane_doe",    "Exam-2015-07-29.html"))
browseURL(file.path(mydir, "ambi_dexter", "Exam-2015-07-29.html"))
}

# }
# NOT RUN {
## --- Options ---
if(interactive()) {
## below three typically needed options are discussed:
## (a) using a different evaluation strategy (here with partial credits),
## (b) using a different language (here de/German),
## (c) an error of the participant when filling in the registration number.

## as for (a): partial credits should only be used for multiple-choice questions
## where at least one alternative is correct and at least one is false
## [note that in this example this is not the case for the first question
## (single-choice) and the third question for Jane Doe (no alternative correct)]

## as for (c): for Ambi Dexter such an error was included in the PNG example
## image, the actual number is "9911071" but the crosses indicate "9901071"

## clean up previous evaluation
file.remove(c("nops_eval.csv", "nops_eval.zip"))

## write correct registration information
write.table(data.frame(
registration = c("1501090", "9911071"),
name = c("Jane Doe", "Ambi Dexter"),
id = c("jane_doe", "ambi_dexter")
), file = "Exam-2015-07-29.csv", sep = ";", quote = FALSE, row.names = FALSE)

## call nops_eval() with modified options, where the error in the registration
## number of Ambi Dexter will trigger an interactive prompt
ev2 <- nops_eval(eval = exams_eval(partial = TRUE, rule = "false2"),
language = "de")

## inspect evaluated data
ev2
cbind(ev1$points, ev2$points)

## inspect corresponding HTML reports
unzip("nops_eval.zip")
browseURL(file.path(mydir, "jane_doe",    "Exam-2015-07-29.html"))
browseURL(file.path(mydir, "ambi_dexter", "Exam-2015-07-29.html"))
}
# }
# NOT RUN {
## switch back to original working directory
setwd(odir)
# }

Documentation reproduced from package exams, version 2.3-6, License: GPL-2 | GPL-3

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