fda (version 5.1.9)

# pca.fd: Functional Principal Components Analysis

## Description

Functional Principal components analysis aims to display types of variation across a sample of functions. Principal components analysis is an exploratory data analysis that tends to be an early part of many projects. These modes of variation are called \$principal components\$ or \$harmonics.\$ This function computes these harmonics, the eigenvalues that indicate how important each mode of variation, and harmonic scores for individual functions. If the functions are multivariate, these harmonics are combined into a composite function that summarizes joint variation among the several functions that make up a multivariate functional observation.

## Usage

```pca.fd(fdobj, nharm = 2, harmfdPar=fdPar(fdobj),
centerfns = TRUE)```

## Arguments

fdobj

a functional data object.

nharm

the number of harmonics or principal components to compute.

harmfdPar

a functional parameter object that defines the harmonic or principal component functions to be estimated.

centerfns

a logical value: if TRUE, subtract the mean function from each function before computing principal components.

## Value

an object of class "pca.fd" with these named entries:

harmonics

a functional data object for the harmonics or eigenfunctions

values

the complete set of eigenvalues

scores

s matrix of scores on the principal components or harmonics

varprop

a vector giving the proportion of variance explained by each eigenfunction

meanfd

a functional data object giving the mean function

## See Also

`cca.fd`, `pda.fd`

## Examples

```# NOT RUN {
#  carry out a PCA of temperature
#  penalize harmonic acceleration, use varimax rotation

daybasis65 <- create.fourier.basis(c(0, 365), nbasis=65, period=365)

harmaccelLfd <- vec2Lfd(c(0,(2*pi/365)^2,0), c(0, 365))
harmfdPar     <- fdPar(daybasis65, harmaccelLfd, lambda=1e5)
daytempfd <- smooth.basis(day.5, CanadianWeather\$dailyAv[,,"Temperature.C"],
daybasis65, fdnames=list("Day", "Station", "Deg C"))\$fd

daytemppcaobj <- pca.fd(daytempfd, nharm=4, harmfdPar)
daytemppcaVarmx <- varmx.pca.fd(daytemppcaobj)
#  plot harmonics
op <- par(mfrow=c(2,2))
plot.pca.fd(daytemppcaobj, cex.main=0.9)

plot.pca.fd(daytemppcaVarmx, cex.main=0.9)
par(op)

plot(daytemppcaobj\$harmonics)
plot(daytemppcaVarmx\$harmonics)
# }
```