tune_race_win_loss

0th

Percentile

Efficient grid search via racing with win/loss statistics

tune_race_win_loss() computes a set of performance metrics (e.g. accuracy or RMSE) for a pre-defined set of tuning parameters that correspond to a model or recipe across one or more resamples of the data. After an initial number of resamples have been evaluated, the process eliminates tuning parameter combinations that are unlikely to be the best results using a statistical model. For each pairwise combinations of tuning parameters, win/loss statistics are calculated and a logistic regression model is used to measure how likely each combination is to win overall.

Usage
tune_race_win_loss(object, ...)

# S3 method for model_spec tune_race_win_loss( object, preprocessor, resamples, ..., param_info = NULL, grid = 10, metrics = NULL, control = control_race() )

# S3 method for workflow tune_race_win_loss( object, resamples, ..., param_info = NULL, grid = 10, metrics = NULL, control = control_race() )

Arguments
object

A parsnip model specification or a workflows::workflow().

...

Not currently used. The technical details of this method are described in Kuhn (2014).

Racing methods are efficient approaches to grid search. Initially, the function evaluates all tuning parameters on a small initial set of resamples. The burn_in argument of control_race() sets the number of initial resamples.

The performance statistics from the current set of resamples are converted to win/loss/tie results. For example, for two parameters (j and k) in a classification model that have each been resampled three times:

            |  area under the ROC curve |
            -----------------------------
   resample | parameter j | parameter k | winner
   ---------------------------------------------
       1    |    0.81     |     0.92    |   k
       2    |    0.95     |     0.94    |   j
       3    |    0.79     |     0.81    |   k
   ---------------------------------------------

After the third resample, parameter k has a 2:1 win/loss ratio versus j. Parameters with equal results are treated as a half-win for each setting. These statistics are determined for all pairwise combinations of the parameters and a Bradley-Terry model is used to model these win/loss/tie statistics. This model can compute the ability of a parameter combination to win overall. A confidence interval for the winning ability is computed and any settings whose interval includes zero are retained for future resamples (since it is not statistically different form the best results).

The next resample is used with the remaining parameter combinations and the statistical analysis is updated. More candidate parameters may be excluded with each new resample that is processed.

The control_race() function contains are parameter for the significance cutoff applied to the Bradley-Terry model results as well as other relevant arguments.

preprocessor

A traditional model formula or a recipe created using recipes::recipe().

resamples

An rset() object that has multiple resamples (i.e., is not a validation set).

param_info

A dials::parameters() object or NULL. If none is given, a parameters set is derived from other arguments. Passing this argument can be useful when parameter ranges need to be customized.

grid

A data frame of tuning combinations or a positive integer. The data frame should have columns for each parameter being tuned and rows for tuning parameter candidates. An integer denotes the number of candidate parameter sets to be created automatically.

metrics

A yardstick::metric_set() or NULL.

control

An object used to modify the tuning process.

References

Kuhn, M 2014. "Futility Analysis in the Cross-Validation of Machine Learning Models." https://arxiv.org/abs/1405.6974.

See Also

tune::tune_grid(), control_race(), tune_race_anova()

Aliases
  • tune_race_win_loss
  • tune_race_win_loss.model_spec
  • tune_race_win_loss.workflow
Examples
# NOT RUN {
library(parsnip)
library(rsample)
library(discrim)
library(dials)

## -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

data(two_class_dat, package = "modeldata")

set.seed(6376)
rs <- bootstraps(two_class_dat, times = 10)

## -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

# optimize an regularized discriminant analysis model
rda_spec <-
  discrim_regularized(frac_common_cov = tune(), frac_identity = tune()) %>%
  set_engine("klaR")

## -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

ctrl <- control_race(verbose_elim = TRUE)

set.seed(11)
grid_wl <-
  rda_spec %>%
    tune_race_win_loss(Class ~ ., resamples = rs, grid = 10, control = ctrl)

# Shows only the fully resampled parameters
show_best(grid_wl, metric = "roc_auc")

plot_race(grid_wl)
# }
Documentation reproduced from package finetune, version 0.0.1, License: MIT + file LICENSE

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