# Arima

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Percentile

##### Fit ARIMA model to univariate time series

Largely a wrapper for the arima function in the stats package. The main difference is that this function allows a drift term. It is also possible to take an ARIMA model from a previous call to Arima and re-apply it to the data y.

Keywords
ts
##### Usage
Arima(y, order=c(0,0,0), seasonal=c(0,0,0), xreg=NULL, include.mean=TRUE, include.drift=FALSE,  include.constant, lambda=model\$lambda, method=c("CSS-ML","ML","CSS"),  model=NULL, x=y,...)
##### Arguments
y
a univariate time series of class ts.
order
A specification of the non-seasonal part of the ARIMA model: the three components (p, d, q) are the AR order, the degree of differencing, and the MA order.
seasonal
A specification of the seasonal part of the ARIMA model, plus the period (which defaults to frequency(y)). This should be a list with components order and period, but a specification of just a numeric vector of length 3 will be turned into a suitable list with the specification as the order.
xreg
Optionally, a vector or matrix of external regressors, which must have the same number of rows as y.
include.mean
Should the ARIMA model include a mean term? The default is TRUE for undifferenced series, FALSE for differenced ones (where a mean would not affect the fit nor predictions).
include.drift
Should the ARIMA model include a linear drift term? (i.e., a linear regression with ARIMA errors is fitted.) The default is FALSE.
include.constant
If TRUE, then include.mean is set to be TRUE for undifferenced series and include.drift is set to be TRUE for differenced series. Note that if there is more than one difference taken, no constant is included regardless of the value of this argument. This is deliberate as otherwise quadratic and higher order polynomial trends would be induced.
lambda
Box-Cox transformation parameter. Ignored if NULL. Otherwise, data transformed before model is estimated.
method
Fitting method: maximum likelihood or minimize conditional sum-of-squares. The default (unless there are missing values) is to use conditional-sum-of-squares to find starting values, then maximum likelihood.
model
Output from a previous call to Arima. If model is passed, this same model is fitted to y without re-estimating any parameters.
x
Deprecated. Included for backwards compatibility.
...
Additional arguments to be passed to arima.
##### Details

See the arima function in the stats package.

##### Value

arima function in the stats package. The additional objects returned are function in the stats package. The additional objects returned are

auto.arima, forecast.Arima.

• Arima
##### Examples
plot(forecast(fit,h=20))

# Fit model to first few years of AirPassengers data
air.model <- Arima(window(AirPassengers,end=1956+11/12),order=c(0,1,1),
seasonal=list(order=c(0,1,1),period=12),lambda=0)
plot(forecast(air.model,h=48))
lines(AirPassengers)

# Apply fitted model to later data
air.model2 <- Arima(window(AirPassengers,start=1957),model=air.model)

# Forecast accuracy measures on the log scale.
# in-sample one-step forecasts.
accuracy(air.model)
# out-of-sample one-step forecasts.
accuracy(air.model2)
# out-of-sample multi-step forecasts
accuracy(forecast(air.model,h=48,lambda=NULL),
log(window(AirPassengers,start=1957)))

Documentation reproduced from package forecast, version 7.3, License: GPL (>= 2)

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