forecast.nnetar

0th

Percentile

Forecasting using neural network models

Returns forecasts and other information for univariate neural network models.

Keywords
ts
Usage
"forecast"(object, h=ifelse(object$m > 1, 2 * object$m, 10), PI=FALSE, level=c(80, 95), fan=FALSE, xreg=NULL, lambda=object$lambda, bootstrap=FALSE, npaths=1000, innov=NULL, ...)
Arguments
object
An object of class "nnetar" resulting from a call to arima.
h
Number of periods for forecasting. If xreg is used, h is ignored and the number of forecast periods is set to the number of rows of xreg.
PI
If TRUE, prediction intervals are produced, otherwise only point forecasts are calculated. If PI is FALSE, then level, fan, bootstrap and npaths are all ignored.
level
Confidence level for prediction intervals.
fan
If TRUE, level is set to seq(51,99,by=3). This is suitable for fan plots.
xreg
Future values of external regressor variables.
lambda
Box-Cox transformation parameter. Ignored if NULL. Otherwise, forecasts back-transformed via an inverse Box-Cox transformation.
bootstrap
If TRUE, then prediction intervals computed using simulations with resampled residuals rather than normally distributed errors. Ignored if innov is not NULL.
npaths
Number of sample paths used in computing simulated prediction intervals.
innov
Values to use as innovations for prediction intervals. Must be a matrix with h rows and npaths columns (vectors are coerced into a matrix). If present, bootstrap is ignored.
...
Additional arguments passed to simulate.nnetar
Details

Prediction intervals are calculated through simulations and can be slow. Note that if the network is too complex and overfits the data, the residuals can be arbitrarily small; if used for prediction interval calculations, they could lead to misleadingly small values.

Value

forecast".The function summary is used to obtain and print a summary of the results, while the function plot produces a plot of the forecasts and prediction intervals.The generic accessor functions fitted.values and residuals extract useful features of the value returned by forecast.nnetar.An object of class "forecast" is a list containing at least the following elements: " is a list containing at least the following elements:

See Also

nnetar.

Aliases
  • forecast.nnetar
Examples
fcast <- forecast(fit)
plot(fcast)
Documentation reproduced from package forecast, version 7.3, License: GPL (>= 2)

Community examples

Looks like there are no examples yet.