nsdiffs

0th

Percentile

Number of differences required for a seasonally stationary series

Functions to estimate the number of differences required to make a given time series stationary. nsdiffs estimates the number of seasonal differences necessary.

Usage
nsdiffs(x, alpha = 0.05, m = frequency(x), test = c("seas", "ocsb",
  "hegy", "ch"), max.D = 1)
Arguments
x

A univariate time series

alpha

Level of the test, possible values range from 0.01 to 0.1.

m

Deprecated. Length of seasonal period

test

Type of unit root test to use

max.D

Maximum number of seasonal differences allowed

Details

nsdiffs uses seasonal unit root tests to determine the number of seasonal differences required for time series x to be made stationary (possibly with some lag-one differencing as well).

Several different tests are available:

  • If test="seas" (default), a measure of seasonal strength is used, where differencing is selected if the seasonal strength (Wang, Smith & Hyndman, 2006) exceeds 0.64 (based on M3 auto.arima performance).

  • If test="ch", the Canova-Hansen (1995) test is used (with null hypothesis of deterministic seasonality)

  • If test="hegy", the Hylleberg, Engle, Granger & Yoo (1990) test is used.

  • If test="ocsb", the Osborn-Chui-Smith-Birchenhall (1988) test is used (with null hypothesis that a seasonal unit root exists).

Value

An integer indicating the number of differences required for stationarity.

References

Wang, X, Smith, KA, Hyndman, RJ (2006) "Characteristic-based clustering for time series data", Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, 13(3), 335-364.

Osborn DR, Chui APL, Smith J, and Birchenhall CR (1988) "Seasonality and the order of integration for consumption", Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 50(4):361-377.

Canova F and Hansen BE (1995) "Are Seasonal Patterns Constant over Time? A Test for Seasonal Stability", Journal of Business and Economic Statistics 13(3):237-252.

Hylleberg S, Engle R, Granger C and Yoo B (1990) "Seasonal integration and cointegration.", Journal of Econometrics 44(1), pp. 215-238.

See Also

auto.arima, ndiffs, ocsb.test, hegy.test, and ch.test

Aliases
  • nsdiffs
Examples
# NOT RUN {
nsdiffs(AirPassengers)

# }
Documentation reproduced from package forecast, version 8.3, License: GPL-3

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