cluster

0th

Percentile

Create a cluster future whose value will be resolved asynchronously in a parallel process

A cluster future is a future that uses cluster evaluation, which means that its value is computed and resolved in parallel in another process.

Usage
cluster(expr, envir = parent.frame(), substitute = TRUE,
  lazy = FALSE, seed = NULL, globals = TRUE, persistent = FALSE,
  workers = availableWorkers(), user = NULL, revtunnel = TRUE,
  homogeneous = TRUE, gc = FALSE, earlySignal = FALSE,
  label = NULL, ...)
Arguments
expr

An R expression.

envir

The environment from where global objects should be identified.

substitute

If TRUE, argument expr is substitute():ed, otherwise not.

lazy

If FALSE (default), the future is resolved eagerly (starting immediately), otherwise not.

seed

(optional) A L'Ecuyer-CMRG RNG seed.

globals

(optional) a logical, a character vector, or a named list to control how globals are handled. For details, see section 'Globals used by future expressions' in the help for future().

persistent

If FALSE, the evaluation environment is cleared from objects prior to the evaluation of the future.

workers

A cluster object, a character vector of host names, a positive numeric scalar, or a function. If a character vector or a numeric scalar, a cluster object is created using makeClusterPSOCK(workers). If a function, it is called without arguments when the future is created and its value is used to configure the workers. The function should return any of the above types.

user

(optional) The user name to be used when communicating with another host.

revtunnel

If TRUE, reverse SSH tunneling is used for the PSOCK cluster nodes to connect back to the master R process. This avoids the hassle of firewalls, port forwarding and having to know the internal / public IP address of the master R session.

homogeneous

If TRUE, all cluster nodes is assumed to use the same path to Rscript as the main R session. If FALSE, the it is assumed to be on the PATH for each node.

gc

If TRUE, the garbage collector run (in the process that evaluated the future) only after the value of the future is collected. Exactly when the values are collected may depend on various factors such as number of free workers and whether earlySignal is TRUE (more frequently) or FALSE (less frequently). Some types of futures ignore this argument.

earlySignal

Specified whether conditions should be signaled as soon as possible or not.

label

An optional character string label attached to the future.

Additional named elements passed to ClusterFuture().

Details

This function will block if all available R cluster nodes are occupied and will be unblocked as soon as one of the already running cluster futures is resolved.

The preferred way to create an cluster future is not to call this function directly, but to register it via plan(cluster) such that it becomes the default mechanism for all futures. After this future() and %<-% will create cluster futures.

Value

A ClusterFuture.

Aliases
  • cluster
Examples
# NOT RUN {
## Use cluster futures
cl <- parallel::makeCluster(2L, timeout = 60)
plan(cluster, workers = cl)

## A global variable
a <- 0

## Create multicore future (explicitly)
f <- future({
  b <- 3
  c <- 2
  a * b * c
})

## A cluster future is evaluated in a separate process.
## Changing the value of a global variable will not
## affect the result of the future.
a <- 7
print(a)

v <- value(f)
print(v)
stopifnot(v == 0)

## CLEANUP
parallel::stopCluster(cl)

# }
Documentation reproduced from package future, version 1.13.0, License: LGPL (>= 2.1)

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