multiprocess

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Create a multiprocess future whose value will be resolved asynchronously using multicore or a multisession evaluation

A multiprocess future is a future that uses multicore evaluation if supported, otherwise it uses multisession evaluation. Regardless, its value is computed and resolved in parallel in another process.

Usage
multiprocess(
  expr,
  envir = parent.frame(),
  substitute = TRUE,
  lazy = FALSE,
  seed = NULL,
  globals = TRUE,
  workers = availableCores(),
  gc = FALSE,
  earlySignal = FALSE,
  label = NULL,
  ...
)
Arguments
expr

An R expression.

envir

The environment from where global objects should be identified.

substitute

If TRUE, argument expr is substitute():ed, otherwise not.

lazy

If FALSE (default), the future is resolved eagerly (starting immediately), otherwise not.

seed

(optional) If TRUE, the random seed, that is, the state of the random number generator (RNG) will be set such that statistically sound random numbers are produced (also during parallelization). If FALSE, it is assumed that the future expression does neither need nor use random numbers generation. To use a fixed random seed, specify a L'Ecuyer-CMRG seed (seven integer) or a regular RNG seed (a single integer). Furthermore, if FALSE, then the future will be monitored to make sure it does not use random numbers. If it does and depending on the value of option future.rng.misUse, the check is ignored, an informative warning, or error will be produced. If seed is NULL (default), then the effect is as with seed = FALSE but without the RNG check being performed.

globals

(optional) a logical, a character vector, or a named list to control how globals are handled. For details, see section 'Globals used by future expressions' in the help for future().

workers

A positive numeric scalar or a function specifying the maximum number of parallel futures that can be active at the same time before blocking. If a function, it is called without arguments when the future is created and its value is used to configure the workers. The function should return a numeric scalar.

gc

If TRUE, the garbage collector run (in the process that evaluated the future) only after the value of the future is collected. Exactly when the values are collected may depend on various factors such as number of free workers and whether earlySignal is TRUE (more frequently) or FALSE (less frequently). Some types of futures ignore this argument.

earlySignal

Specified whether conditions should be signaled as soon as possible or not.

label

An optional character string label attached to the future.

Additional named elements passed to Future().

Value

A MultiprocessFuture implemented as either a MulticoreFuture or a MultisessionFuture.

See Also

Internally multicore() and multisession() are used.

Aliases
  • multiprocess
Examples
# NOT RUN {
## Use multiprocess futures
plan(multiprocess)

## A global variable
a <- 0

## Create future (explicitly)
f <- future({
  b <- 3
  c <- 2
  a * b * c
})

## A multiprocess future is evaluated in a separate R process.
## Changing the value of a global variable will not affect
## the result of the future.
a <- 7
print(a)

v <- value(f)
print(v)
stopifnot(v == 0)

# }
Documentation reproduced from package future, version 1.16.0, License: LGPL (>= 2.1)

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