loglik.GRF

0th

Percentile

Log-Likelihood for a Gaussian Random Field

This function computes the value of the log-likelihood for a Gaussian random field.

Keywords
spatial
Usage
loglik.GRF(geodata, coords = geodata$coords, data = geodata$data,
           obj.model = NULL, cov.model = "exp", cov.pars, nugget = 0,
           kappa = 0.5, lambda = 1, psiR = 1, psiA = 0,
           trend = "cte", method.lik = "ML", compute.dists = TRUE,
           realisations = NULL)
Arguments
geodata

a list containing elements coords and data as described next. Typically an object of the class "geodata" - a geoR data-set. If not provided the arguments coords and data must be provided instead.

coords

an \(n \times 2\) matrix, each row containing Euclidean coordinates of the n data locations. By default it takes the element coords of the argument geodata.

data

a vector with data values. By default it takes the element data of the argument geodata.

obj.model

a object of the class variomodel with a fitted model. Tipically an output of likfit or variofit.

cov.model

a string specifying the model for the correlation function. For further details see documentation for cov.spatial.

cov.pars

a vector with 2 elements with values of the covariance parameters \(\sigma^2\) (partial sill) and \(\phi\) (range parameter).

nugget

value of the nugget parameter. Defaults to \(0\).

kappa

value of the smoothness parameter. Defaults to \(0.5\).

lambda

value of the Box-Cox tranformation parameter. Defaults to \(1\).

psiR

value of the anisotropy ratio parameter. Defaults to \(1\), corresponding to isotropy.

psiA

value (in radians) of the anisotropy rotation parameter. Defaults to zero.

trend

specifies the mean part of the model. The options are: "cte" (constant mean), "1st" (a first order polynomial on the coordinates), "2nd" (a second order polynomial on the coordinates), or a formula of the type ~X where X is a matrix with the covariates (external trend). Defaults to "cte".

method.lik

options are "ML" for likelihood and "REML" for restricted likelihood. Defaults to "ML".

compute.dists

for internal use with other function. Don't change the default unless you know what you are doing.

realisations

optional. A vector indicating replication number for each data. For more details see as.geodata.

Details

The expression log-likelihood is: $$l(\theta) = -\frac{n}{2} \log (2\pi) - \frac{1}{2} \log |\Sigma| - \frac{1}{2} (y - F\beta)' \Sigma^{-1} (y - F\beta),$$ where \(n\) is the size of the data vector \(y\), \(\beta\) is the mean (vector) parameter with dimention \(p\), \(\Sigma\) is the covariance matrix and \(F\) is the matrix with the values of the covariates (a vector of \(1\)'s if the mean is constant.

The expression restricted log-likelihood is: $$rl(\theta) = -\frac{n-p}{2} \log (2\pi) + \frac{1}{2} \log |F' F| - \frac{1}{2} \log |\Sigma| - \frac{1}{2} \log |F' \Sigma F| - \frac{1}{2} (y - F\beta)' \Sigma^{-1} (y - F\beta).$$

Value

The numerical value of the log-likelihood.

References

Further information on the package geoR can be found at: http://www.leg.ufpr.br/geoR.

See Also

likfit for likelihood-based parameter estimation.

Aliases
  • loglik.GRF
Examples
# NOT RUN {
loglik.GRF(s100, cov.pars=c(0.8, .25), nugget=0.2)
loglik.GRF(s100, cov.pars=c(0.8, .25), nugget=0.2, met="RML")

## Computing the likelihood of a model fitted by ML
s100.ml <- likfit(s100, ini=c(1, .5))
s100.ml
s100.ml$loglik
loglik.GRF(s100, obj=s100.ml)

## Computing the likelihood of a variogram fitted model
s100.v <- variog(s100, max.dist=1)
s100.vf <- variofit(s100.v, ini=c(1, .5))
s100.vf
loglik.GRF(s100, obj=s100.vf)
# }
Documentation reproduced from package geoR, version 1.8-1, License: GPL (>= 2)

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