# variog.mc.env

0th

Percentile

##### Envelops for Empirical Variograms Based on Permutation

Computes envelops for empirical variograms by permutation of the data values on the spatial locations.

Keywords
spatial, nonparametric
##### Usage
variog.mc.env(geodata, coords = geodata$coords, data = geodata$data,
obj.variog, nsim = 99, save.sim = FALSE, messages)
##### Arguments
geodata

a list containing elements coords and data as described next. Typically an object of the class "geodata" - a geoR data-set. If not provided the arguments coords and data must be provided instead.

coords

an $$n \times 2$$ matrix, each row containing Euclidean coordinates of the n data locations. By default it takes the element coords of the argument geodata.

data

a vector with the data values. By default it takes the element data of the argument geodata.

obj.variog

an object of the class "variogram", typically an output of the function variog.

nsim

number of simulations used to compute the envelope. Defaults to 99.

save.sim

logical. Indicates whether or not the simulated data are included in the output. Defaults to FALSE.

messages

logical. If TRUE, the default, status messages are printed while the function is running.

##### Details

The envelops are obtained by permutation. For each simulations data values are randomly allocated to the spatial locations. The empirical variogram is computed for each simulation using the same lags as for the variogram originally computed for the data. The envelops are computed by taking, at each lag, the maximum and minimum values of the variograms for the simulated data.

##### Value

An object of the class "variogram.envelope" which is a list with the following components:

u

a vector with distances.

v.lower

a vector with the minimum variogram values at each distance in u.

v.upper

a vector with the maximum variogram values at each distance in u.

simulations

a matrix with simulated data. Only returned if save.sim = TRUE.

##### References

Further information on the package geoR can be found at: http://www.leg.ufpr.br/geoR.

variog.model.env for envelops computed by from a model specification, variog for variogram calculations, plot.variogram and variog.mc.env for graphical output.

##### Aliases
• variog.mc.env
##### Examples
# NOT RUN {
s100.vario <- variog(s100, max.dist=1)
s100.env <- variog.mc.env(s100, obj.var = s100.vario)
plot(s100.vario, envelope = s100.env)
# }

Documentation reproduced from package geoR, version 1.8-1, License: GPL (>= 2)

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