facet_grid

0th

Percentile

Lay out panels in a grid.

Lay out panels in a grid.

Usage
facet_grid(facets, margins = FALSE, scales = "fixed",
    space = "fixed", shrink = TRUE,
    labeller = "label_value", as.table = TRUE, drop = TRUE)
Arguments
facets
a formula with the rows (of the tabular display) on the LHS and the columns (of the tabular display) on the RHS; the dot in the formula is used to indicate there should be no faceting on this dimension (either row or column). The formula can also
margins
either a logical value or a character vector. Margins are additional facets which contain all the data for each of the possible values of the faceting variables. If FALSE, no additional facets are included (the default). If TRUE
scales
Are scales shared across all facets (the default, "fixed"), or do they vary across rows ("free_x"), columns ("free_y"), or both rows and columns ("free")
space
If "fixed", the default, all panels have the same size. If "free_y" their height will be proportional to the length of the y scale; if "free_x" their width will be proportional to the length of the x scale;
labeller
A function that takes two arguments (variable and value) and returns a string suitable for display in the facet strip. See label_value for more details and pointers to
as.table
If TRUE, the default, the facets are laid out like a table with highest values at the bottom-right. If FALSE, the facets are laid out like a plot with the highest value at the top-right.
shrink
If TRUE, will shrink scales to fit output of statistics, not raw data. If FALSE, will be range of raw data before statistical summary.
drop
If TRUE, the default, all factor levels not used in the data will automatically be dropped. If FALSE, all factor levels will be shown, regardless of whether or not they appear in the data.
Aliases
  • facet_grid
Examples
p <- ggplot(mtcars, aes(mpg, wt)) + geom_point()
# With one variable
p + facet_grid(. ~ cyl)
p + facet_grid(cyl ~ .)

# With two variables
p + facet_grid(vs ~ am)
p + facet_grid(am ~ vs)
p + facet_grid(vs ~ am, margins=TRUE)

# To change plot order of facet grid,
# change the order of variable levels with factor()

set.seed(6809)
diamonds <- diamonds[sample(nrow(diamonds), 1000), ]
diamonds$cut <- factor(diamonds$cut,
         levels = c("Ideal", "Very Good", "Fair", "Good", "Premium"))

# Repeat first example with new order
p <- ggplot(diamonds, aes(carat, ..density..)) +
        geom_histogram(binwidth = 1)
p + facet_grid(. ~ cut)

qplot(mpg, wt, data=mtcars, facets = . ~ vs + am)
qplot(mpg, wt, data=mtcars, facets = vs + am ~ . )

# You can also use strings, which makes it a little easier
# when writing functions that generate faceting specifications
# p + facet_grid("cut ~ .")

# see also ?plotmatrix for the scatterplot matrix

# If there isn't any data for a given combination, that panel
# will be empty
qplot(mpg, wt, data=mtcars) + facet_grid(cyl ~ vs)

p <- qplot(mpg, wt, data=mtcars, facets = vs ~ cyl)

df <- data.frame(mpg = 22, wt = 3)
p + geom_point(data = df, colour="red", size = 2)

df2 <- data.frame(mpg = c(19, 22), wt = c(2,4), vs = c(0, 1))
p + geom_point(data = df2, colour="red", size = 2)

df3 <- data.frame(mpg = c(19, 22), wt = c(2,4), vs = c(1, 1))
p + geom_point(data = df3, colour="red", size = 2)


# You can also choose whether the scales should be constant
# across all panels (the default), or whether they should be allowed
# to vary
mt <- ggplot(mtcars, aes(mpg, wt, colour = factor(cyl))) + geom_point()

mt + facet_grid(. ~ cyl, scales = "free")
# If scales and space are free, then the mapping between position
# and values in the data will be the same across all panels
mt + facet_grid(. ~ cyl, scales = "free", space = "free")

mt + facet_grid(vs ~ am, scales = "free")
mt + facet_grid(vs ~ am, scales = "free_x")
mt + facet_grid(vs ~ am, scales = "free_y")
mt + facet_grid(vs ~ am, scales = "free", space="free")
mt + facet_grid(vs ~ am, scales = "free", space="free_x")
mt + facet_grid(vs ~ am, scales = "free", space="free_y")

# You may need to set your own breaks for consistent display:
mt + facet_grid(. ~ cyl, scales = "free_x", space="free") +
  scale_x_continuous(breaks = seq(10, 36, by = 2))
# Adding scale limits override free scales:
last_plot() + xlim(10, 15)

# Free scales are particularly useful for categorical variables
qplot(cty, model, data=mpg) +
  facet_grid(manufacturer ~ ., scales = "free", space = "free")
# particularly when you reorder factor levels
mpg <- within(mpg, {
  model <- reorder(model, cty)
  manufacturer <- reorder(manufacturer, cty)
})
last_plot() %+% mpg + theme(strip.text.y = element_text())

# Use as.table to to control direction of horizontal facets, TRUE by default
h <- ggplot(mtcars, aes(x = mpg, y = wt)) + geom_point()
h + facet_grid(cyl ~ vs)
h + facet_grid(cyl ~ vs, as.table = FALSE)

# Use labeller to control facet labels, label_value is default
h + facet_grid(cyl ~ vs, labeller = label_both)
# Using label_parsed, see ?plotmath for more options
mtcars$cyl2 <- factor(mtcars$cyl, labels = c("alpha", "beta", "sqrt(x, y)"))
k <- qplot(wt, mpg, data = mtcars)
k + facet_grid(. ~ cyl2)
k + facet_grid(. ~ cyl2, labeller = label_parsed)
# For label_bquote the label value is x.
p <- qplot(wt, mpg, data = mtcars)
p + facet_grid(. ~ vs, labeller = label_bquote(alpha ^ .(x)))
p + facet_grid(. ~ vs, labeller = label_bquote(.(x) ^ .(x)))

# Margins can be specified by logically (all yes or all no) or by specific
# variables as (character) variable names
mg <- ggplot(mtcars, aes(x = mpg, y = wt)) + geom_point()
mg + facet_grid(vs + am ~ gear)
mg + facet_grid(vs + am ~ gear, margins = TRUE)
mg + facet_grid(vs + am ~ gear, margins = "am")
# when margins are made over "vs", since the facets for "am" vary
# within the values of "vs", the marginal facet for "vs" is also
# a margin over "am".
mg + facet_grid(vs + am ~ gear, margins = "vs")
mg + facet_grid(vs + am ~ gear, margins = "gear")
mg + facet_grid(vs + am ~ gear, margins = c("gear", "am"))
Documentation reproduced from package ggplot2, version 0.9.3.1, License: GPL-2

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