Define aesthetic mappings from strings, or quoted calls and formulas.

Aesthetic mappings describe how variables in the data are mapped to visual properties (aesthetics) of geoms. aes uses non-standard evaluation to capture the variable names. aes_ and aes_string require you to explicitly quote the inputs either with "" for aes_string(), or with quote or ~ for aes_(). (aes_q is an alias to aes_)

aes_(x, y, ...)
aes_string(x, y, ...)
aes_q(x, y, ...)
x, y, ...
List of name value pairs. Elements must be either quoted calls, strings, one-sided formulas or constants.

It's better to use aes_q(), because there's no easy way to create the equivalent to aes(colour = "my colour") or aes{x = `X$1`} with aes_string().

aes_string and aes_ are particularly useful when writing functions that create plots because you can use strings or quoted names/calls to define the aesthetic mappings, rather than having to use substitute to generate a call to aes().

See Also


  • aes_
  • aes_q
  • aes_string
# Three ways of generating the same aesthetics
aes(mpg, wt, col = cyl)
aes_(quote(mpg), quote(wt), col = quote(cyl))
aes_(~mpg, ~wt, col = ~cyl)
aes_string("mpg", "wt", col = "cyl")

# You can't easily mimic these calls with aes_string
aes(`$100`, colour = "smooth")
aes_(~ `$100`, colour = "smooth")
# Ok, you can, but it requires a _lot_ of quotes
aes_string("`$100`", colour = '"smooth"')

# Convert strings to names with
var <- "cyl"
aes(col = x)
aes_(col =
Documentation reproduced from package ggplot2, version 2.1.0, License: GPL-2

Community examples

Looks like there are no examples yet.