ggplot2 (version 2.1.0)

fortify.lm: Supplement the data fitted to a linear model with model fit statistics.

Description

If you have missing values in your model data, you may need to refit the model with na.action = na.exclude.

Usage

"fortify"(model, data = model$model, ...)

Arguments

model
linear model
data
data set, defaults to data used to fit model
...
not used by this method

Value

The original data with extra columns:
.hat
Diagonal of the hat matrix
.sigma
Estimate of residual standard deviation when corresponding observation is dropped from model
.cooksd
Cooks distance, cooks.distance
.fitted
Fitted values of model
.resid
Residuals
.stdresid
Standardised residuals

Examples

mod <- lm(mpg ~ wt, data = mtcars)
head(fortify(mod))
head(fortify(mod, mtcars))

plot(mod, which = 1)

ggplot(mod, aes(.fitted, .resid)) +
  geom_point() +
  geom_hline(yintercept = 0) +
  geom_smooth(se = FALSE)

ggplot(mod, aes(.fitted, .stdresid)) +
  geom_point() +
  geom_hline(yintercept = 0) +
  geom_smooth(se = FALSE)

ggplot(fortify(mod, mtcars), aes(.fitted, .stdresid)) +
  geom_point(aes(colour = factor(cyl)))

ggplot(fortify(mod, mtcars), aes(mpg, .stdresid)) +
  geom_point(aes(colour = factor(cyl)))

plot(mod, which = 2)
ggplot(mod) +
  stat_qq(aes(sample = .stdresid)) +
  geom_abline()

plot(mod, which = 3)
ggplot(mod, aes(.fitted, sqrt(abs(.stdresid)))) +
  geom_point() +
  geom_smooth(se = FALSE)

plot(mod, which = 4)
ggplot(mod, aes(seq_along(.cooksd), .cooksd)) +
  geom_bar(stat = "identity")

plot(mod, which = 5)
ggplot(mod, aes(.hat, .stdresid)) +
  geom_vline(size = 2, colour = "white", xintercept = 0) +
  geom_hline(size = 2, colour = "white", yintercept = 0) +
  geom_point() + geom_smooth(se = FALSE)

ggplot(mod, aes(.hat, .stdresid)) +
  geom_point(aes(size = .cooksd)) +
  geom_smooth(se = FALSE, size = 0.5)

plot(mod, which = 6)
ggplot(mod, aes(.hat, .cooksd)) +
  geom_vline(xintercept = 0, colour = NA) +
  geom_abline(slope = seq(0, 3, by = 0.5), colour = "white") +
  geom_smooth(se = FALSE) +
  geom_point()

ggplot(mod, aes(.hat, .cooksd)) +
  geom_point(aes(size = .cooksd / .hat)) +
  scale_size_area()