# coord_fixed

##### Cartesian coordinates with fixed "aspect ratio"

A fixed scale coordinate system forces a specified ratio between the
physical representation of data units on the axes. The ratio represents the
number of units on the y-axis equivalent to one unit on the x-axis. The
default, `ratio = 1`

, ensures that one unit on the x-axis is the same
length as one unit on the y-axis. Ratios higher than one make units on the
y axis longer than units on the x-axis, and vice versa. This is similar to
`MASS::eqscplot()`

, but it works for all types of graphics.

##### Usage

`coord_fixed(ratio = 1, xlim = NULL, ylim = NULL, expand = TRUE, clip = "on")`

##### Arguments

- ratio
aspect ratio, expressed as

`y / x`

- xlim
Limits for the x and y axes.

- ylim
Limits for the x and y axes.

- expand
If

`TRUE`

, the default, adds a small expansion factor to the limits to ensure that data and axes don't overlap. If`FALSE`

, limits are taken exactly from the data or`xlim`

/`ylim`

.- clip
Should drawing be clipped to the extent of the plot panel? A setting of

`"on"`

(the default) means yes, and a setting of`"off"`

means no. In most cases, the default of`"on"`

should not be changed, as setting`clip = "off"`

can cause unexpected results. It allows drawing of data points anywhere on the plot, including in the plot margins. If limits are set via`xlim`

and`ylim`

and some data points fall outside those limits, then those data points may show up in places such as the axes, the legend, the plot title, or the plot margins.

##### Examples

```
# NOT RUN {
# ensures that the ranges of axes are equal to the specified ratio by
# adjusting the plot aspect ratio
p <- ggplot(mtcars, aes(mpg, wt)) + geom_point()
p + coord_fixed(ratio = 1)
p + coord_fixed(ratio = 5)
p + coord_fixed(ratio = 1/5)
p + coord_fixed(xlim = c(15, 30))
# Resize the plot to see that the specified aspect ratio is maintained
# }
```

*Documentation reproduced from package ggplot2, version 3.3.2, License: GPL-2 | file LICENSE*