ggrepel v0.8.2


Monthly downloads



Automatically Position Non-Overlapping Text Labels with 'ggplot2'

Provides text and label geoms for 'ggplot2' that help to avoid overlapping text labels. Labels repel away from each other and away from the data points.



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ggrepel provides geoms for ggplot2 to repel overlapping text labels:

  • geom_text_repel()
  • geom_label_repel()

Text labels repel away from each other, away from data points, and away from edges of the plotting area.

ggplot(mtcars, aes(wt, mpg, label = rownames(mtcars))) +
  geom_text_repel() +
  geom_point(color = 'red') +
  theme_classic(base_size = 16)


# The easiest way to get ggrepel is to install it from CRAN:

# Or get the the development version from GitHub:
# install.packages("devtools")

# Or use the service


Check out the examples to learn how to use ggrepel in your project.


Please submit an issue to report bugs or ask questions.

Please contribute bug fixes or new features with a pull request to this repository.

Academic Papers

An Efficient Algorithm for Scatter Chart Labeling

Sebastian Theophil, Arno Schödl

This paper presents an efficient algorithm for a new variation of the point feature labeling problem. The goal is to position the largest number of point labels such that they do not intersect each other or their points. First we present an algorithm using a greedy algorithm with limited lookahead. We then present an algorithm that iteratively regroups labels, calling the first algorithm on each group, thereby identifying a close to optimal labeling order. The presented algorithm is being used in a commercial product to label charts, and our evaluation shows that it produces results far superior to those of other labeling algorithms.

This might be a good start for a revision of ggrepel.



A small library for automatically adjusting text position in matplotlib plots to minimize overlaps.

Ilya Flyamer's Python library that extends matplotlib.



An extensible framework for automatically placing direct labels onto multicolor 'lattice' or 'ggplot2' plots. Label positions are described using Positioning Methods which can be re-used across several different plots. There are heuristics for examining "trellis" and "ggplot" objects and inferring an appropriate Positioning Method.


Pretty word clouds.

The wordcloud package implements a spiraling algorithm to prevent text labels from overlapping each other.


Force field simulation of interaction of set of points. Very useful for placing text labels on graphs, such as scatterplots.

I found that functions in the FField package were not ideal for repelling overlapping rectangles, so I wrote my own.

See this gist for examples of how to use the wordcloud and FField packages with ggplot2.

Functions in ggrepel

Name Description
GeomLabelRepel GeomLabelRepel
geom_label_repel Repulsive textual annotations.
ggrepel ggrepel
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Vignettes of ggrepel

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Last month downloads


VignetteBuilder knitr
License GPL-3 | file LICENSE
RoxygenNote 6.0.1
LinkingTo Rcpp
Encoding UTF-8
NeedsCompilation yes
Packaged 2020-03-07 19:12:51 UTC; kamil
Repository CRAN
Date/Publication 2020-03-08 18:30:06 UTC

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