Upload into a new Drive file

Uploads a local file into a new Drive file. To update the content or metadata of an existing Drive file, use drive_update(). To upload or update, depending on whether the Drive file already exists, see drive_put().

drive_upload(media, path = NULL, name = NULL, type = NULL, ...,
  overwrite = NA, verbose = TRUE)

Character, path to the local file to upload.


Specifies target destination for the new file on Google Drive. Can be an actual path (character), a file id marked with as_id(), or a dribble. If specified as an actual path, it is best to explicitly indicate if it's a folder by including a trailing slash, since it cannot always be worked out from the context of the call. Will default to its local name.


Character, new file name if not specified as part of path. This will force path to be treated as a folder, even if it is character and lacks a trailing slash. Will default to its local name.


Character. If type = NULL, a MIME type is automatically determined from the file extension, if possible. If the source file is of a suitable type, you can request conversion to Google Doc, Sheet or Slides by setting type to document, spreadsheet, or presentation, respectively. All non-NULL values for type are pre-processed with drive_mime_type().


Named parameters to pass along to the Drive API. Has the tidy dots semantics that come from using rlang::list2(). You can affect the metadata of the target file by specifying properties of the Files resource via .... Read the "Request body" section of the Drive API docs for the associated endpoint to learn about relevant parameters.


Logical, indicating whether to check for a pre-existing file at the targetted "filepath". The quotes around "filepath" refer to the fact that Drive does not impose a 1-to-1 relationship between filepaths and files, like a typical file system; read more about that in drive_get().

  • NA (default): Just do the operation, even if it results in multiple files with the same filepath.

  • TRUE: Check for a pre-existing file at the filepath. If there is zero or one, move a pre-existing file to the trash, then carry on. Note that the new file does not inherit any properties from the old one, such as sharing or publishing settings. It will have a new file ID. An error is thrown if two or more pre-existing files are found.

  • FALSE: Error if there is any pre-existing file at the filepath.

Note that existence checks, based on filepath, are expensive operations, i.e. they require additional API calls.


Logical, indicating whether to print informative messages (default TRUE).


An object of class dribble, a tibble with one row per item.

See Also

Wraps the files.create endpoint:

MIME types that can be converted to native Google formats:

  • drive_upload
## upload a csv file
chicken_csv <- drive_upload(

## or convert it to a Google Sheet
chicken_sheet <- drive_upload(
  name = "chicken-sheet-upload.csv",
  type = "spreadsheet"

## check out the new Sheet!

## clean-up
drive_find("chicken.*upload") %>% drive_rm()

## Upload a file and, at the same time, star it
chicken <- drive_upload(
  starred = "true"

## Is is really starred? YES
purrr::pluck(chicken, "drive_resource", 1, "starred")

## Clean up

## `overwrite = FALSE` errors if something already exists at target filepath
  name = "name-squatter",
  overwrite = FALSE

## `overwrite = TRUE` moves the existing item to trash, then proceeds
chicken <- drive_upload(
  name = "name-squatter",
  overwrite = TRUE

## Clean up

## Upload to a Team Drive:
##   * your Google account must have Team Drive privileges, obviously
##   * the Team Drive (or Team Drive-hosted folder) MUST be captured as a
##     dribble first and provided via `path`
td <- team_drive_get("Marketing")
drive_upload("fascinating.csv", path = td)
# }
Documentation reproduced from package googledrive, version 1.0.0, License: MIT + file LICENSE

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