grDevices (version 3.6.2)

Type1Font: Type 1 and CID Fonts


These functions are used to define the translation of a R graphics font family name to a Type 1 or CID font descriptions, used by both the postscript and pdf graphics devices.


Type1Font(family, metrics, encoding = "default")

CIDFont(family, cmap, cmapEncoding, pdfresource = "")



a character string giving the name to be used internally for a Type 1 or CID-keyed font family. This needs to uniquely identify each family, so if you modify a family which is in use (see postscriptFonts) you need to change the family name.


a character vector of four or five strings giving paths to the afm (Adobe Font Metric) files for the font.


the name of a CMap file for a CID-keyed font.


for Type1Font, the name of an encoding file. Defaults to "default", which maps on Unix-alikes to "ISOLatin1.enc" and on Windows to "WinAnsi.enc". Otherwise, a file name in the enc directory of the grDevices package, which is used if the path does not contain a path separator. An extension ".enc" can be omitted.


The name of a character encoding to be used with the named CMap file: strings will be translated to this encoding when written to the file.


A chunk of PDF code; only required for using a CID-keyed font on pdf; users should not be expected to provide this.


A list of class "Type1Font" or "CIDFont".


For Type1Fonts, if four .afm files are supplied the fifth is taken to be "Symbol.afm". Relative paths are taken relative to the directory R_HOME/library/grDevices/afm. The fifth (symbol) font must be in AdobeSym encoding. However, the glyphs in the first four fonts are referenced by name and any encoding given within the .afm files is not used.

The .afm files may be compressed with (or without) final extension .gz: the files which ship with R are installed as compressed files with this extension.

Glyphs in CID-keyed fonts are accessed by ID (number) and not by name. The CMap file maps encoded strings (usually in a MBCS) to IDs, so cmap and cmapEncoding specifications must match. There are no real bold or italic versions of CID fonts (bold/italic were very rarely used in traditional East Asian topography), and for the pdf device all four font faces will be identical. However, for the postscript device, bold and italic (and bold italic) are emulated.

CID-keyed fonts are intended only for use for the glyphs of East Asian languages, which are all monospaced and are all treated as filling the same bounding box. (Thus plotmath will work with such characters, but the spacing will be less carefully controlled than with Western glyphs.) The CID-keyed fonts do contain other characters, including a Latin alphabet: non-East-Asian glyphs are regarded as monospaced with half the width of East Asian glyphs. This is often the case, but sometimes Latin glyphs designed for proportional spacing are used (and may look odd). We strongly recommend that CID-keyed fonts are only used for East Asian glyphs.

See Also

postscript, pdf, postscriptFonts, and pdfFonts.


Run this code
## This duplicates "ComputerModernItalic".
CMitalic <- Type1Font("ComputerModern2",
                      c("CM_regular_10.afm", "CM_boldx_10.afm",
                        "cmti10.afm", "cmbxti10.afm",
                      encoding = "TeXtext.enc")

# }
## This could be used by
postscript(family = CMitalic)
## or
postscriptFonts(CMitalic = CMitalic)  # once in a session
postscript(family = "CMitalic", encoding = "TeXtext.enc")
# }

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