h2o.randomForest

0th

Percentile

Build a Random Forest model

Builds a Random Forest model on an H2OFrame.

Usage
h2o.randomForest(x, y, training_frame, model_id = NULL,
  validation_frame = NULL, nfolds = 0,
  keep_cross_validation_models = TRUE,
  keep_cross_validation_predictions = FALSE,
  keep_cross_validation_fold_assignment = FALSE,
  score_each_iteration = FALSE, score_tree_interval = 0,
  fold_assignment = c("AUTO", "Random", "Modulo", "Stratified"),
  fold_column = NULL, ignore_const_cols = TRUE, offset_column = NULL,
  weights_column = NULL, balance_classes = FALSE,
  class_sampling_factors = NULL, max_after_balance_size = 5,
  max_hit_ratio_k = 0, ntrees = 50, max_depth = 20, min_rows = 1,
  nbins = 20, nbins_top_level = 1024, nbins_cats = 1024,
  r2_stopping = Inf, stopping_rounds = 0, stopping_metric = c("AUTO",
  "deviance", "logloss", "MSE", "RMSE", "MAE", "RMSLE", "AUC",
  "lift_top_group", "misclassification", "AUCPR", "mean_per_class_error",
  "custom", "custom_increasing"), stopping_tolerance = 0.001,
  max_runtime_secs = 0, seed = -1, build_tree_one_node = FALSE,
  mtries = -1, sample_rate = 0.6320000291,
  sample_rate_per_class = NULL, binomial_double_trees = FALSE,
  checkpoint = NULL, col_sample_rate_change_per_level = 1,
  col_sample_rate_per_tree = 1, min_split_improvement = 1e-05,
  histogram_type = c("AUTO", "UniformAdaptive", "Random",
  "QuantilesGlobal", "RoundRobin"), categorical_encoding = c("AUTO",
  "Enum", "OneHotInternal", "OneHotExplicit", "Binary", "Eigen",
  "LabelEncoder", "SortByResponse", "EnumLimited"),
  calibrate_model = FALSE, calibration_frame = NULL,
  distribution = c("AUTO", "bernoulli", "multinomial", "gaussian",
  "poisson", "gamma", "tweedie", "laplace", "quantile", "huber"),
  custom_metric_func = NULL, export_checkpoints_dir = NULL,
  check_constant_response = TRUE, verbose = FALSE)
Arguments
x

(Optional) A vector containing the names or indices of the predictor variables to use in building the model. If x is missing, then all columns except y are used.

y

The name or column index of the response variable in the data. The response must be either a numeric or a categorical/factor variable. If the response is numeric, then a regression model will be trained, otherwise it will train a classification model.

training_frame

Id of the training data frame.

model_id

Destination id for this model; auto-generated if not specified.

validation_frame

Id of the validation data frame.

nfolds

Number of folds for K-fold cross-validation (0 to disable or >= 2). Defaults to 0.

keep_cross_validation_models

Logical. Whether to keep the cross-validation models. Defaults to TRUE.

keep_cross_validation_predictions

Logical. Whether to keep the predictions of the cross-validation models. Defaults to FALSE.

keep_cross_validation_fold_assignment

Logical. Whether to keep the cross-validation fold assignment. Defaults to FALSE.

score_each_iteration

Logical. Whether to score during each iteration of model training. Defaults to FALSE.

score_tree_interval

Score the model after every so many trees. Disabled if set to 0. Defaults to 0.

fold_assignment

Cross-validation fold assignment scheme, if fold_column is not specified. The 'Stratified' option will stratify the folds based on the response variable, for classification problems. Must be one of: "AUTO", "Random", "Modulo", "Stratified". Defaults to AUTO.

fold_column

Column with cross-validation fold index assignment per observation.

ignore_const_cols

Logical. Ignore constant columns. Defaults to TRUE.

offset_column

Offset column. This argument is deprecated and has no use for Random Forest.

weights_column

Column with observation weights. Giving some observation a weight of zero is equivalent to excluding it from the dataset; giving an observation a relative weight of 2 is equivalent to repeating that row twice. Negative weights are not allowed. Note: Weights are per-row observation weights and do not increase the size of the data frame. This is typically the number of times a row is repeated, but non-integer values are supported as well. During training, rows with higher weights matter more, due to the larger loss function pre-factor.

balance_classes

Logical. Balance training data class counts via over/under-sampling (for imbalanced data). Defaults to FALSE.

class_sampling_factors

Desired over/under-sampling ratios per class (in lexicographic order). If not specified, sampling factors will be automatically computed to obtain class balance during training. Requires balance_classes.

max_after_balance_size

Maximum relative size of the training data after balancing class counts (can be less than 1.0). Requires balance_classes. Defaults to 5.0.

max_hit_ratio_k

Max. number (top K) of predictions to use for hit ratio computation (for multi-class only, 0 to disable) Defaults to 0.

ntrees

Number of trees. Defaults to 50.

max_depth

Maximum tree depth. Defaults to 20.

min_rows

Fewest allowed (weighted) observations in a leaf. Defaults to 1.

nbins

For numerical columns (real/int), build a histogram of (at least) this many bins, then split at the best point Defaults to 20.

nbins_top_level

For numerical columns (real/int), build a histogram of (at most) this many bins at the root level, then decrease by factor of two per level Defaults to 1024.

nbins_cats

For categorical columns (factors), build a histogram of this many bins, then split at the best point. Higher values can lead to more overfitting. Defaults to 1024.

r2_stopping

r2_stopping is no longer supported and will be ignored if set - please use stopping_rounds, stopping_metric and stopping_tolerance instead. Previous version of H2O would stop making trees when the R^2 metric equals or exceeds this Defaults to 1.797693135e+308.

stopping_rounds

Early stopping based on convergence of stopping_metric. Stop if simple moving average of length k of the stopping_metric does not improve for k:=stopping_rounds scoring events (0 to disable) Defaults to 0.

stopping_metric

Metric to use for early stopping (AUTO: logloss for classification, deviance for regression and anonomaly_score for Isolation Forest). Note that custom and custom_increasing can only be used in GBM and DRF with the Python client. Must be one of: "AUTO", "deviance", "logloss", "MSE", "RMSE", "MAE", "RMSLE", "AUC", "lift_top_group", "misclassification", "AUCPR", "mean_per_class_error", "custom", "custom_increasing". Defaults to AUTO.

stopping_tolerance

Relative tolerance for metric-based stopping criterion (stop if relative improvement is not at least this much) Defaults to 0.001.

max_runtime_secs

Maximum allowed runtime in seconds for model training. Use 0 to disable. Defaults to 0.

seed

Seed for random numbers (affects certain parts of the algo that are stochastic and those might or might not be enabled by default) Defaults to -1 (time-based random number).

build_tree_one_node

Logical. Run on one node only; no network overhead but fewer cpus used. Suitable for small datasets. Defaults to FALSE.

mtries

Number of variables randomly sampled as candidates at each split. If set to -1, defaults to sqrtp for classification and p/3 for regression (where p is the # of predictors Defaults to -1.

sample_rate

Row sample rate per tree (from 0.0 to 1.0) Defaults to 0.6320000291.

sample_rate_per_class

A list of row sample rates per class (relative fraction for each class, from 0.0 to 1.0), for each tree

binomial_double_trees

Logical. For binary classification: Build 2x as many trees (one per class) - can lead to higher accuracy. Defaults to FALSE.

checkpoint

Model checkpoint to resume training with.

col_sample_rate_change_per_level

Relative change of the column sampling rate for every level (must be > 0.0 and <= 2.0) Defaults to 1.

col_sample_rate_per_tree

Column sample rate per tree (from 0.0 to 1.0) Defaults to 1.

min_split_improvement

Minimum relative improvement in squared error reduction for a split to happen Defaults to 1e-05.

histogram_type

What type of histogram to use for finding optimal split points Must be one of: "AUTO", "UniformAdaptive", "Random", "QuantilesGlobal", "RoundRobin". Defaults to AUTO.

categorical_encoding

Encoding scheme for categorical features Must be one of: "AUTO", "Enum", "OneHotInternal", "OneHotExplicit", "Binary", "Eigen", "LabelEncoder", "SortByResponse", "EnumLimited". Defaults to AUTO.

calibrate_model

Logical. Use Platt Scaling to calculate calibrated class probabilities. Calibration can provide more accurate estimates of class probabilities. Defaults to FALSE.

calibration_frame

Calibration frame for Platt Scaling

distribution

Distribution. This argument is deprecated and has no use for Random Forest.

custom_metric_func

Reference to custom evaluation function, format: `language:keyName=funcName`

export_checkpoints_dir

Automatically export generated models to this directory.

check_constant_response

Logical. Check if response column is constant. If enabled, then an exception is thrown if the response column is a constant value.If disabled, then model will train regardless of the response column being a constant value or not. Defaults to TRUE.

verbose

Logical. Print scoring history to the console (Metrics per tree for GBM, DRF, & XGBoost. Metrics per epoch for Deep Learning). Defaults to FALSE.

Value

Creates a '>H2OModel object of the right type.

See Also

predict.H2OModel for prediction

Aliases
  • h2o.randomForest
Documentation reproduced from package h2o, version 3.26.0.2, License: Apache License (== 2.0)

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