# edge.connectivity

##### Edge connectivity.

The edge connectivity of a graph or two vertices, this is recently also called group adhesion.

- Keywords
- graphs

##### Usage

```
edge.connectivity(graph, source=NULL, target=NULL, checks=TRUE)
edge.disjoint.paths(graph, source, target)
graph.adhesion(graph, checks=TRUE)
```

##### Arguments

- graph
- The input graph.
- source
- The id of the source vertex, for
`edge.connectivity`

it can be`NULL`

, see details below. - target
- The id of the target vertex, for
`edge.connectivity`

it can be`NULL`

, see details below. - checks
- Logical constant. Whether to check that the graph is connected and also the degree of the vertices. If the graph is not (strongly) connected then the connectivity is obviously zero. Otherwise if the minimum degree is one then the edge connecti

##### Details

The edge connectivity of a pair of vertices (`source`

and
`target`

) is the minimum number of edges needed to remove to
eliminate all (directed) paths from `source`

to `target`

.
`edge.connectivity`

calculates this quantity if both the
`source`

and `target`

arguments are given (and not
`NULL`

).

The edge connectivity of a graph is the minimum of the edge
connectivity of every (ordered) pair of vertices in the graph.
`edge.connectivity`

calculates this quantity if neither the
`source`

nor the `target`

arguments are given (ie. they are
both `NULL`

).

A set of edge disjoint paths between two vertices is a set of paths between them containing no common edges. The maximum number of edge disjoint paths between two vertices is the same as their edge connectivity.

The adhesion of a graph is the minimum number of edges needed to remove to obtain a graph which is not strongly connected. This is the same as the edge connectivity of the graph.

The three functions documented on this page calculate similar
properties, more precisely the most general is
`edge.connectivity`

, the others are included only for having more
descriptive function names.

##### Value

- A scalar real value.

##### concept

- Edge connectivity
- Edge-disjoint paths
- Graph adhesion

##### References

Douglas R. White and Frank Harary: The cohesiveness of blocks in social networks: node connectivity and conditional density, TODO: citation

##### See Also

`graph.maxflow`

, `vertex.connectivity`

,
`vertex.disjoint.paths`

, `graph.cohesion`

##### Examples

```
g <- barabasi.game(100, m=1)
g2 <- barabasi.game(100, m=5)
edge.connectivity(g, 99, 0)
edge.connectivity(g2, 99, 0)
edge.disjoint.paths(g2, 99, 0)
g <- erdos.renyi.game(50, 5/50)
g <- as.directed(g)
g <- subgraph(g, subcomponent(g, 1))
graph.adhesion(g)
```

*Documentation reproduced from package igraph, version 0.5.1, License: GPL (>= 2)*