# vertex.connectivity

##### Vertex connectivity.

The vertex connectivity of a graph or two vertices, this is recently also called group cohesion.

- Keywords
- graphs

##### Usage

```
vertex.connectivity(graph, source=NULL, target=NULL, checks=TRUE)
vertex.disjoint.paths(graph, source, target)
graph.cohesion(graph, checks=TRUE)
```

##### Arguments

- graph
- The input graph.
- source
- The id of the source vertex, for
`vertex.connectivity`

it can be`NULL`

, see details below. - target
- The id of the target vertex, for
`vertex.connectivity`

it can be`NULL`

, see details below. - checks
- Logical constant. Whether to check that the graph is connected and also the degree of the vertices. If the graph is not (strongly) connected then the connectivity is obviously zero. Otherwise if the minimum degree is one then the vertex connec

##### Details

The vertex connectivity of two vertices (`source`

and
`target`

) in a directed graph is the minimum number of vertices
needed to remove from the graph to eliminate all (directed) paths from
`source`

to `target`

. `vertex.connectivity`

calculates this quantity if both the `source`

and `target`

arguments are given and they're not `NULL`

.

The vertex connectivity of a graph is the minimum vertex connectivity
of all (ordered) pairs of vertices in the graph. In other words this
is the minimum number of vertices needed to remove to make the graph
not strongly connected. (If the graph is not strongly connected then
this is zero.) `vertex.connectivity`

calculates this quantitty if
neither the `source`

nor `target`

arguments are
given. (Ie. they are both `NULL`

.)

A set of vertex disjoint directed paths from `source`

to `vertex`

is a set of directed paths between them whose vertices do not contain common
vertices (apart from `source`

and `target`

). The maximum number of
vertex disjoint paths between two vertices is the same as their vertex
connectivity.

The cohesion of a graph (as defined by White and Harary, see
references), is the vertex connectivity of the graph. This is
calculated by `graph.cohesion`

.

These three functions essentially calculate the same measure(s), more
precisely `vertex.connectivity`

is the most general, the other
two are included only for the ease of using more descriptive function
names.

##### Value

- A scalar real value.

##### concept

- Vertex connectivity
- Vertex-disjoint paths
- Graph cohesion

##### References

Douglas R. White and Frank Harary: The cohesiveness of blocks in social networks: node connectivity and conditional density, TODO: citation

##### See Also

`graph.maxflow`

, `edge.connectivity`

,
`edge.disjoint.paths`

, `graph.adhesion`

##### Examples

```
g <- barabasi.game(100, m=1)
g <- delete.edges(g, E(g)[ 99 %--% 0 ])
g2 <- barabasi.game(100, m=5)
g2 <- delete.edges(g2, E(g2)[ 99 %--% 0])
vertex.connectivity(g, 99, 0)
vertex.connectivity(g2, 99, 0)
vertex.disjoint.paths(g2, 99, 0)
g <- erdos.renyi.game(50, 5/50)
g <- as.directed(g)
g <- subgraph(g, subcomponent(g, 1))
graph.cohesion(g)
```

*Documentation reproduced from package igraph, version 0.5.1, License: GPL (>= 2)*