# optimal.community

##### Optimal community structure

This function calculates the optimal community structure of a graph, by maximizing the modularity measure over all possible partitions.

- Keywords
- graphs

##### Usage

`optimal.community(graph)`

##### Arguments

- graph
- The input graph. Edge directions are ignored for directed graphs.

##### Details

This function calculates the optimal community structure for a graph, in terms of maximal modularity score. The calculation is done by transforming the modularity maximization into an integer programming problem, and then calling the GLPK library to solve that. Please the reference below for details.

Note that modularity optimization is an NP-complete problem, and all known algorithms for it have exponential time complexity. This means that you probably don't want to run this function on larger graphs. Graphs with up to fifty vertices should be fine, graphs with a couple of hundred vertices might be possible.

##### Value

`optimal.community`

returns a`communities`

object, please see the`communities`

manual page for details.

##### concept

- Community structure
- Modularity

##### References

Ulrik Brandes, Daniel Delling, Marco Gaertler, Robert Gorke, Martin
Hoefer, Zoran Nikoloski, Dorothea Wagner: On Modularity Clustering,
*IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering*
20(2):172-188, 2008.

##### See Also

`communities`

for the documentation of the result,
`modularity`

. See also `fastgreedy.community`

for a fast greedy optimizer.

##### Examples

```
## Zachary's karate club
g <- graph.famous("Zachary")
## We put everything into a big 'try' block, in case
## igraph was compiled without GLPK support
try({
## The calculation only takes a couple of seconds
oc <- optimal.community(g)
## Double check the result
print(modularity(oc))
print(modularity(g, membership(oc)))
## Compare to the greedy optimizer
fc <- fastgreedy.community(g)
print(modularity(fc))
}, silent=TRUE)
```

*Documentation reproduced from package igraph, version 0.6.5-2, License: GPL (>= 2)*