igraph (version 1.0.1)

# layout_with_fr: The Fruchterman-Reingold layout algorithm

## Description

Place vertices on the plane using the force-directed layout algorithm by Fruchterman and Reingold.

## Usage

```layout_with_fr(graph, coords = NULL, dim = 2, niter = 500,
start.temp = sqrt(vcount(graph)), grid = c("auto", "grid", "nogrid"),
weights = NULL, minx = NULL, maxx = NULL, miny = NULL, maxy = NULL,
minz = NULL, maxz = NULL, coolexp, maxdelta, area, repulserad, maxiter)with_fr(...)```

## Arguments

graph

The graph to lay out. Edge directions are ignored.

coords

Optional starting positions for the vertices. If this argument is not `NULL` then it should be an appropriate matrix of starting coordinates.

dim

Integer scalar, 2 or 3, the dimension of the layout. Two dimensional layouts are places on a plane, three dimensional ones in the 3d space.

niter

Integer scalar, the number of iterations to perform.

start.temp

Real scalar, the start temperature. This is the maximum amount of movement alloved along one axis, within one step, for a vertex. Currently it is decreased linearly to zero during the iteration.

grid

Character scalar, whether to use the faster, but less accurate grid based implementation of the algorithm. By default (“auto”), the grid-based implementation is used if the graph has more than one thousand vertices.

weights

A vector giving edge weights. The `weight` edge attribute is used by default, if present. If weights are given, then the attraction along the edges will be multiplied by the given edge weights.

minx

If not `NULL`, then it must be a numeric vector that gives lower boundaries for the ‘x’ coordinates of the vertices. The length of the vector must match the number of vertices in the graph.

maxx

Similar to `minx`, but gives the upper boundaries.

miny

Similar to `minx`, but gives the lower boundaries of the ‘y’ coordinates.

maxy

Similar to `minx`, but gives the upper boundaries of the ‘y’ coordinates.

minz

Similar to `minx`, but gives the lower boundaries of the ‘z’ coordinates.

maxz

Similar to `minx`, but gives the upper boundaries of the ‘z’ coordinates.

These arguments are not supported from igraph version 0.8.0 and are ignored (with a warning).

maxiter

A deprecated synonym of `niter`, for compatibility.

...

Passed to `layout_with_fr`.

## Value

A two- or three-column matrix, each row giving the coordinates of a vertex, according to the ids of the vertex ids.

## Details

See the referenced paper below for the details of the algorithm.

This function was rewritten from scratch in igraph version 0.8.0.

## References

Fruchterman, T.M.J. and Reingold, E.M. (1991). Graph Drawing by Force-directed Placement. Software - Practice and Experience, 21(11):1129-1164.

`layout_with_drl`, `layout_with_kk` for other layout algorithms.

Other graph layouts: `add_layout_`; `as_bipartite`, `layout.bipartite`, `layout_as_bipartite`; `as_star`, `layout.star`, `layout_as_star`; `as_tree`, `layout_as_tree`; `component_wise`; `in_circle`, `layout_in_circle`; `layout.auto`, `layout_nicely`, `nicely`; `layout.davidson.harel`, `layout_with_dh`, `with_dh`; `layout.gem`, `layout_with_gem`, `with_gem`; `layout.graphopt`, `layout_with_graphopt`, `with_graphopt`; `layout.grid`, `layout.grid.3d`, `layout.grid.3d`, `layout_on_grid`, `on_grid`; `layout.mds`, `layout_with_mds`, `with_mds`; `layout.merge`, `layout_components`, `merge_coords`, `piecewise.layout`, `piecewise.layout`; `layout.norm`, `norm_coords`; `layout.sugiyama`, `layout_with_sugiyama`, `with_sugiyama`; `layout_on_sphere`, `on_sphere`; `layout_randomly`, `randomly`; `layout_with_kk`, `with_kk`; `layout_with_lgl`, `with_lgl`; `layout`, `layout_`, `print.igraph_layout_modifier`, `print.igraph_layout_spec`; `normalize`

## Examples

```# NOT RUN {
# Fixing ego
g <- sample_pa(20, m=2)
minC <- rep(-Inf, vcount(g))
maxC <- rep(Inf, vcount(g))
minC[1] <- maxC[1] <- 0
co <- layout_with_fr(g, minx=minC, maxx=maxC,
miny=minC, maxy=maxC)
co[1,]
plot(g, layout=co, vertex.size=30, edge.arrow.size=0.2,
vertex.label=c("ego", rep("", vcount(g)-1)), rescale=FALSE,
xlim=range(co[,1]), ylim=range(co[,2]), vertex.label.dist=0,
vertex.label.color="red")
axis(1)
axis(2)
# }
```