Default Panel Function for cloud

These are default panel functions controlling cloud and wireframe displays.

Usage, y, subscripts, z,
            groups = NULL,
            perspective = TRUE,
            distance = if (perspective) 0.2 else 0, 
            xlim, ylim, zlim,
   = "panel.3dscatter",
            panel.3d.wireframe = "panel.3dwire",
            screen = list(z = 40, x = -60),
            R.mat = diag(4), aspect = c(1, 1),
   = NULL,
            xlab, ylab, zlab,
            xlab.default, ylab.default, zlab.default,
            proportion = 0.6,
            wireframe = FALSE,
panel.3dscatter(x, y, z, rot.mat, distance,
                groups, type = 'p',
                xlim.scaled, ylim.scaled, zlim.scaled,
                col, col.point, col.line,
                lty, lwd, cex, pch,
                cross, ..., subscripts)
panel.3dwire(x, y, z, rot.mat = diag(4), distance,
             shade = FALSE,
             shade.colors.palette = trellis.par.get("shade.colors")$palette,
             light.source = c(0, 0, 1000),
             col = if (shade) "transparent" else "black",
             lty = 1, lwd = 1,
             col.groups = superpose.fill$col,
             polynum = 100,
             drape = FALSE,
             col.regions = regions$col,
             alpha.regions = regions$alpha)
x, y, z
numeric (or possibly factors) vectors representing the data to be displayed. The interpretation depends on the context. For these are essentially the same as the data passed to the high level plot (except if form
index specifying which points to draw. The same x, y, z values (representing the whole data) are passed to for each panel. subscripts specifies the subset of rows to be used for the particular
specification of a grouping variable, passed down from the high level functions.
logical, whether to plot a perspective view. Setting this to FALSE is equivalent to setting distance to 0
numeric, between 0 and 1, controls amount of perspective. The distance of the viewing point from the origin (in the transformed coordinate system) is 1 / distance. This is described in a little more detail in the documentation for
A list determining the sequence of rotations to be applied to the data before being plotted. The initial position starts with the viewing point along the positive z-axis, and the x and y axes in the usual position. Each component of the list s
initial rotation matrix in homogeneous coordinates, to be applied to the data before screen rotates the view further.
graphical parameters for box, namely, col, lty and lwd. By default obtained from the parameter box.3d
xlim, ylim, zlim
limits for the respective axes. As with other lattice functions, these could each be a numeric 2-vector or a character vector indicating levels of a factor., panel.3d.wireframe
functions that draw the data-driven part of the plot (as opposed to the bounding box and scales) in cloud and wireframe. This function is called after the `back' of the bounding box is drawn, but before the `front' is
aspect as in cloud
xlab, ylab, zlab
Labels, have to be lists. Typically the user will not manipulate these, but instead control this via arguments to cloud directly.
for internal use
for internal use
for internal use
list defining the scales
numeric scalar, gives the length of arrows as a proportion of the sides
A list with three components x, y and z (each a scalar integer), describing which of the 12 sides of the cube the scales should be drawn. The defaults should be OK. Valid values are x: 1, 3, 9, 11; y: 8, 5, 7, 6 and z: 4, 2, 10, 12. (See comme
logical, indicating whether this is a wireframe plot
logical, whether the facets will be colored by height, in a manner similar to levelplot. This is ignored if shade=TRUE.
at, col.regions, alpha.regions
deals with specification of colors when drape = TRUE in wireframe. at can be a numeric vector, col.regions a vector of colors, and alpha.regions
4x4 transformation matrix in homogeneous coordinates. This gives the rotation matrix combining the screen and R.mat arguments to
character vector, specifying type of cloud plot. Can include one or more of ``p'', ``l'', ``h'' or ``b''. ``p'' and ``l'' mean `points' and `lines' respectively, and ``b'' means `both'. ``h'' stands for `histogram', and causes a line to be dra
xlim.scaled, ylim.scaled, zlim.scaled
axis limits (after being scaled to the bounding box)
z-axis location (after being scaled to the bounding box) of the X-Y plane in the original data scale, to which lines will be dropped (if within range) from each point when type = 'h'
logical, defaults to TRUE if pch='+'. panel.3dscatter can represent each point by a 3d `cross' of sorts (it's much easier to understand looking at an example than from a description). This is different fr
logical, indicating whether the surface is to be colored using an illumination model with a single light source
a function (or the name of one) that is supposed to calculate the color of a facet when shading is being used. Three pieces of information is available to the function: first, the cosine of the angle between the incident light ray and the norm
a 3-vector representing (in cartesian coordinates) the light source. This is relative to the viewing point being (0, 0, 1/distance) (along the positive z-axis), keeping in mind that all observations are bounded within the [-0.5, 0.5] cube
quadrilateral faces are drawn in batches of polynum at a time. Drawing too few at a time increases the total number of calls to the underlying grid.polygon function, which affects speed. Trying to draw too many at onc
colors for different groups
col, col.point, col.line, lty, lwd, cex, pch, alpha
graphical parameters
other parameters, passed down when appropriate

These functions together are responsible for the content drawn inside each panel in cloud and wireframe. panel.wireframe is a wrapper to, which does the actual work. is responsible for drawing the content that does not depend on the data, namely, the bounding box, the arrows/scales, etc. At some point, depending on whether wireframe is TRUE, it calls either panel.3d.wireframe or, which draws the data-driven part of the plot.

The arguments accepted by these two functions are different, since they have essentially different purposes. For cloud, the data is unstructured, and x, y, z are all passed to the function. For wireframe, on the other hand, x and y are increasing vectors with unique values, defining a rectangular grid. z must be a matrix with length(x) * length(y) rows, and as many columns as the number of groups.

panel.3dscatter is the default function. It has a type argument similar to panel.xyplot, and supports grouped displays. It tries to honour depth ordering, i.e., points and lines closer to the camera are drawn later, overplotting more distant ones. (Of course there is no absolute ordering for line segments, so an ad hoc ordering is used. There is no hidden point removal.)

panel.3dwire is the default panel.3d.wireframe function. It calculates polygons corresponding to the facets one by one, but waits till it has collected information about polynum facets, and draws them all at once. This avoids the overhead of drawing grid.polygon repeatedly, speeding up the rendering considerably. If shade = TRUE, these attempt to color the surface as being illuminated from a light source at light.source. palette.shade is a simple function that provides the deafult shading colors

Multiple surfaces are drawn if groups is non-null in the call to wireframe, however, the algorithm is not sophisticated enough to render intersecting surfaces correctly.

See Also


  • panel.wireframe
  • panel.3dscatter
  • panel.3dwire
Documentation reproduced from package lattice, version 0.10-10, License: GPL version 2 or later

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