Extract Random Effects

A generic function to extract, and optionally accumulate, the random effects.

models, methods
ranef(object, ...)
## S3 method for class 'lmer':
ranef(object, postVar, \dots)
## S3 method for class 'lmer2':
ranef(object, postVar, \dots)
an object of a class from which random effects estimates can be extracted.
an optional logical argument indicating if the conditional variance covariance matrices, also called the posterior variances, of the random effects should be included. Default is FALSE.
some methods for this generic function require additional arguments.

If grouping factor i has k levels and j random effects per level the ith component of the list returned by ranef is a data frame with k rows and j columns. If postVar is TRUE the "postVar" attribute is an array of dimension j by j by k. The kth face of this array is a positive definite symmetric j by j matrix. If there is only one grouping factor in the model the variance-covariance matrix for the entire random effects vector, conditional on the estimates of the model parameters and on the data will be block diagonal and this j by j matrix is the kth diagonal block. With multiple grouping factors the faces of the "postVar" attributes are still the diagonal blocks of this conditional variance-covariance matrix but the matrix itself is no longer block diagonal.


  • A list of data frames, one for each grouping factor for the random effects. The number of rows in the data frame is the number of levels of the grouping factor. The number of columns is the dimension of the random effect associated with each level of the factor.

    If postVar is TRUE each of the data frames has an attribute called "postVar" which is a three-dimensional array with symmetric faces.


To produce a caterpillar plot of the random effects apply qqmath to the result of ranef with postVar = TRUE.

  • ranef
  • ranef-methods
  • ranef,ANY-method
  • ranef,lmer-method
  • ranef,mer-method
  • ranef,lmer2-method
fm1 <- lmer(Reaction ~ Days + (Days|Subject), sleepstudy)
fm2 <- lmer(Reaction ~ Days + (1|Subject) + (0+Days|Subject), sleepstudy)
str(rr1 <- ranef(fm1, postVar = TRUE))
str(ranef(fm2, postVar = TRUE))
Documentation reproduced from package lme4, version 0.99875-8, License: GPL version 2 or later

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