Pastes

0th

Percentile

Paste strength by batch and cask

Strength of a chemical paste product; its quality depending on the delivery batch, and the cask within the delivery.

Keywords
datasets
Details

The data are described in Davies and Goldsmith (1972) as coming from “ deliveries of a chemical paste product contained in casks where, in addition to sampling and testing errors, there are variations in quality between deliveries … As a routine, three casks selected at random from each delivery were sampled and the samples were kept for reference. … Ten of the delivery batches were sampled at random and two analytical tests carried out on each of the 30 samples”.

Format

A data frame with 60 observations on the following 4 variables.

strength

paste strength.

batch

delivery batch from which the sample was sample. A factor with 10 levels: ‘A’ to ‘J’.

cask

cask within the delivery batch from which the sample was chosen. A factor with 3 levels: ‘a’ to ‘c’.

sample

the sample of paste whose strength was assayed, two assays per sample. A factor with 30 levels: ‘A:a’ to ‘J:c’.

Aliases
  • Pastes
Examples
# NOT RUN {
str(Pastes)
require(lattice)
dotplot(cask ~ strength | reorder(batch, strength), Pastes,
        strip = FALSE, strip.left = TRUE, layout = c(1, 10),
        ylab = "Cask within batch",
        xlab = "Paste strength", jitter.y = TRUE)
## Modifying the factors to enhance the plot
Pastes <- within(Pastes, batch <- reorder(batch, strength))
Pastes <- within(Pastes, sample <- reorder(reorder(sample, strength),
          as.numeric(batch)))
dotplot(sample ~ strength | batch, Pastes,
        strip = FALSE, strip.left = TRUE, layout = c(1, 10),
        scales = list(y = list(relation = "free")),
        ylab = "Sample within batch",
        xlab = "Paste strength", jitter.y = TRUE)
## Four equivalent models differing only in specification
(fm1 <- lmer(strength ~ (1|batch) + (1|sample), Pastes))
(fm2 <- lmer(strength ~ (1|batch/cask), Pastes))
(fm3 <- lmer(strength ~ (1|batch) + (1|batch:cask), Pastes))
(fm4 <- lmer(strength ~ (1|batch/sample), Pastes))
## fm4 results in redundant labels on the sample:batch interaction
head(ranef(fm4)[[1]])
## compare to fm1
head(ranef(fm1)[[1]])
## This model is different and NOT appropriate for these data
(fm5 <- lmer(strength ~ (1|batch) + (1|cask), Pastes))

L <- getME(fm1, "L")
Matrix::image(L, sub = "Structure of random effects interaction in pastes model")
# }
Documentation reproduced from package lme4, version 1.1-21, License: GPL (>= 2)

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