cake

0th

Percentile

Breakage Angle of Chocolate Cakes

Data on the breakage angle of chocolate cakes made with three different recipes and baked at six different temperatures. This is a split-plot design with the recipes being whole-units and the different temperatures being applied to sub-units (within replicates). The experimental notes suggest that the replicate numbering represents temporal ordering.

Keywords
datasets
Details

The replicate factor is nested within the recipe factor, and temperature is nested within replicate.

Format

A data frame with 270 observations on the following 5 variables.

replicate

a factor with levels 1 to 15

recipe

a factor with levels A, B and C

temperature

an ordered factor with levels 175 < 185 < 195 < 205 < 215 < 225

angle

a numeric vector giving the angle at which the cake broke.

temp

numeric value of the baking temperature (degrees F).

References

Cook, F. E. (1938) Chocolate cake, I. Optimum baking temperature. Master's Thesis, Iowa State College.

Cochran, W. G., and Cox, G. M. (1957) Experimental designs, 2nd Ed. New York, John Wiley \& Sons.

Lee, Y., Nelder, J. A., and Pawitan, Y. (2006) Generalized linear models with random effects. Unified analysis via H-likelihood. Boca Raton, Chapman and Hall/CRC.

Aliases
  • cake
Examples
# NOT RUN {
str(cake)
## 'temp' is continuous, 'temperature' an ordered factor with 6 levels

(fm1 <- lmer(angle ~ recipe * temperature + (1|recipe:replicate), cake, REML= FALSE))
(fm2 <- lmer(angle ~ recipe + temperature + (1|recipe:replicate), cake, REML= FALSE))
(fm3 <- lmer(angle ~ recipe + temp        + (1|recipe:replicate), cake, REML= FALSE))

## and now "choose" :
anova(fm3, fm2, fm1)
# }
Documentation reproduced from package lme4, version 1.1-21, License: GPL (>= 2)

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