Create a period object.

new_period creates a period object with the specified values. Within a Period object, time units do not have a fixed length (except for seconds) until they are added to a date-time. The length of each time unit will depend on the date-time to which it is added. For example, a year that begins on 2009-01-01 will be 365 days long. A year that begins on 2012-01-01 will be 366 days long. When math is performed with a period object, each unit is applied separately. How the length of a period is distributed among its units is non-trivial. For example, when leap seconds occur 1 minute is longer than 60 seconds.

classes, chron
a list of time units to be included in the period and their amounts. Seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, months, and years are supported.

Periods track the change in the "clock time" between two date-times. They are measured in common time related units: years, months, days, hours, minutes, and seconds. Each unit except for seconds must be expressed in integer values.

Period objects can be easily created with the helper functions years, months, weeks, days, minutes, seconds. These objects can be added to and subtracted to date-times to create a user interface similar to object oriented programming.

new_period is meant to be used interactively on the command line. See period, for a version that is better suited to automating within a function.


  • a period object

See Also

period, as.period

  • new_period
new_period (second = 90, minute = 5)
#  5 minutes and 90 seconds
new_period(day = -1)
# -1 days
new_period(second = 3, minute = 1, hour = 2, day = 13, week = 1)
# 13 days, 2 hours, 1 minute and 3 seconds
new_period(hour = 1, minute = -60)
# 1 hour and -60 minutes
new_period(second = 0)
# 0 seconds
Documentation reproduced from package lubridate, version 1.1.0, License: GPL

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