# lubridate v1.5.6

Monthly downloads

## Make Dealing with Dates a Little Easier

Functions to work with date-times and timespans: fast and user
friendly parsing of date-time data, extraction and updating of components of
a date-time (years, months, days, hours, minutes, and seconds), algebraic
manipulation on date-time and timespan objects. The 'lubridate' package has
a consistent and memorable syntax that makes working with dates easy and
fun.

## Readme

# lubridate

Date-time data can be frustrating to work with in R. R commands for date-times are generally unintuitive and change depending on the type of date-time object being used. Moreover, the methods we use with date-times must be robust to time zones, leap days, daylight savings times, and other time related quirks, and R lacks these capabilities in some situations. Lubridate makes it easier to do the things R does with date-times and possible to do the things R does not. Specifically, lubridate provides:

a set of intuitive date-time related functions that work the same way for all common date-time classes (including those from

`chron`

,`timeDate`

,`zoo`

,`xts`

,`its`

,`tis`

,`timeSeries`

,`fts`

, and`tseries`

)quick and easy parsing of date-times:

`ymd()`

,`dmy()`

,`mdy()`

, ...simple functions to extract and modify components of a date-time, such as years, months, days, hours, minutes, and seconds:

`year()`

,`month()`

,`day()`

, ...helper functions for handling time zones:

`with_tz()`

,`force_tz()`

Lubridate also expands the type of mathematical operations that can be performed with date-time objects. It introduces three new time span classes borrowed from http://joda.org.

durations, which measure the exact amount of time between two points

periods, which accurately track clock times despite leap years, leap seconds, and day light savings time

intervals, a protean summary of the time information between two points

## Functions in lubridate

Name | Description | |

Timespan-class | Timespan class | |

quick_durations | Quickly create duration objects. | |

Duration-class | Duration class | |

Interval-class | Interval class | |

dst | Get Daylight Savings Time indicator of a date-time. | |

int_shift | Shift an interval along the timeline | |

make_difftime | Create a difftime object. | |

days_in_month | Get the number of days in the month of a date-time. | |

duration | Create a duration object. | |

make_datetime | Efficient creation of date-times from numeric representations. | |

hms | Create a period with the specified hours, minutes, and seconds | |

month | Get/set months component of a date-time. | |

am | Does date time occur in the am or pm? | |

interval | Create an interval object. | |

int_end | Access and change the end date of an interval | |

date_decimal | Converts a decimal to a date. | |

force_tz | Replace time zone to create new date-time | |

second | Get/set seconds component of a date-time. | |

int_diff | Extract the intervals within a vector of date-times | |

fit_to_timeline | Fit a POSIXlt date-time to the timeline | |

quick_periods | Quickly create period objects. | |

as.duration | Change an object to a duration. | |

rollback | Roll back date to last day of previous month | |

Period-class | Period class | |

reclass_timespan | Convenience method to reclass timespans post-modification. | |

today | The current date | |

decimal_date | Converts a date to a decimal of its year. | |

minute | Get/set minutes component of a date-time. | |

guess_formats | Guess formats from the supplied date-time character vector. | |

week | Get/set weeks component of a date-time. | |

leap_year | Is a year a leap year? | |

int_flip | Flip the direction of an interval | |

origin | 1970-01-01 UTC | |

reclass_date | Convenience method to reclass dates post-modification. | |

lakers | Lakers 2008-2009 basketball data set | |

now | The current time | |

DateUpdate | Changes the components of a date object | |

period | Create a period object. | |

int_aligns | Test if two intervals share an endpoint | |

hm | Create a period with the specified number of hours and minutes | |

with_tz | Get date-time in a different time zone | |

int_overlaps | Test if two intervals overlap | |

year | Get/set years component of a date-time. | |

is.difftime | Is x a difftime object? | |

DateCoercion | Convert a variety of date-time classes to POSIXlt and POSIXct | |

round_date | Round, floor and ceiling methods for date-time objects. | |

%m+% | Add and subtract months to a date without exceeding the last day of the new month | |

%within% | Tests whether a date or interval falls within an interval | |

int_start | Access and change the start date of an interval | |

time_length | Compute the exact length of a time span. | |

lubridate-package | Dates and times made easy with lubridate | |

as.period | Change an object to a period. | |

is.POSIXt | Is x a POSIXct or POSIXlt object? | |

Deprecated-lubridate | Deprecated function in lubridate package | |

date | Get/set Date component of a date-time. | |

ymd | Parse dates according to the order in that year, month, and day elements appear in the input vector. | |

parse_date_time | Parse character and numeric date-time vectors with user friendly order formats. | |

quarter | Get the fiscal quarter of a date-time. | |

timespan | Description of time span classes in lubridate. | |

pretty_dates | Computes attractive axis breaks for date-time data | |

ymd_hms | Parse dates that have hours, minutes, or seconds elements. | |

int_standardize | Ensures all intervals in an interval object are positive | |

tz | Get/set time zone component of a date-time. | |

as.interval | Change an object to an interval. | |

as_date | Convert an object to a Date | |

is.Date | Is x a Date object? | |

is.timespan | Is x a length of time? | |

int_length | Get the length of an interval in seconds | |

olson_time_zones | Names of available time zones | |

here | The current time in your local timezone | |

is.instant | Is x a date-time object? | |

ms | Create a period with the specified number of minutes and seconds | |

stamp | Format dates and times based on human-friendly templates. | |

day | Get/set days component of a date-time. | |

hour | Get/set hours component of a date-time. | |

period_to_seconds | Contrive a period to/from a given number of seconds. | |

No Results! |

## Last month downloads

## Details

License | GPL-2 |

LazyData | true |

Type | Package |

BugReports | https://github.com/hadley/lubridate/issues |

VignetteBuilder | knitr |

Collate | 'Dates.r' 'POSIXt.r' 'timespans.r' 'intervals.r' 'difftimes.r' 'durations.r' 'util.r' 'periods.r' 'accessors-date.R' 'accessors-day.r' 'accessors-dst.r' 'accessors-hour.r' 'accessors-minute.r' 'accessors-month.r' 'accessors-quarter.r' 'accessors-second.r' 'accessors-tz.r' 'accessors-week.r' 'accessors-year.r' 'am-pm.r' 'time-zones.r' 'numeric.r' 'coercion.r' 'constants.r' 'data.r' 'decimal-dates.r' 'deprecated.r' 'guess.r' 'help.r' 'instants.r' 'leap-years.r' 'ops-addition.r' 'ops-%m+%.r' 'ops-division.r' 'ops-integer-division.r' 'ops-modulo.r' 'ops-multiplication.r' 'ops-subtraction.r' 'parse.r' 'pretty.r' 'round.r' 'stamp.r' 'update.r' |

RoxygenNote | 5.0.1 |

NeedsCompilation | yes |

Packaged | 2016-04-05 23:15:56 UTC; vspinu |

Repository | CRAN |

Date/Publication | 2016-04-06 01:24:41 |

depends | base (>= 3.0.0) , methods , R (>= 3.0.0) |

enhances | chron , fts , its , timeDate , timeSeries , tis , tseries , xts , zoo |

suggests | covr , knitr , testthat |

imports | stringr |

Contributors | Vitalie Spinu, Hadley Wickham, Garrett Grolemund, Jan Lyttle, Imanuel Constigan, Jason Law, Doug Mitarotonda, Joseph Larmarange, Jonathan Boiser, Chel Hee Lee |

#### Include our badge in your README

```
[![Rdoc](http://www.rdocumentation.org/badges/version/lubridate)](http://www.rdocumentation.org/packages/lubridate)
```