as.im

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Coercion between sp objects and spatstat im objects

Functions to convert between spatstats raster format im and sps SpatialGridDataFrame as well as one-way conversion from rasters rasterLayer to im. S4-style as() coercion can be used between im and SpatialGridDataFrame objects.

Keywords
spatial
Usage
as.im.SpatialGridDataFrame(from)
as.SpatialGridDataFrame.im(from)
as.im.RasterLayer(from)
Arguments
from

object to coerce from

Details

A SpatialGridDataFrame object may contain several columns of data such that several values are associated with each grid cell. In contrast an im object can only contain a single variable value for each cell. In as.im.SpatialGridDataFrame() the first data column is used. To convert another column to im format simply extract this column first as shown in the example below.

Methods

coerce

signature(from = "SpatialGridDataFrame", to = "im")

coerce

signature(from = "im", to = "SpatialGridDataFrame")

Warning

In spatstat all spatial objects are assumed to be planar. This means that spatstat is not designed to work directly with geographic (longitude and latitude) coordinates. If a sp object is declared to have geographic (unprojected) coordinates maptools refuses to convert directly to spatstat format. Rather, these should be projected first using e.g. spTransform. If you know what you are doing, and really want to force coercion, you can overwrite the proj4string of the sp object with NA, proj4string(x) <- CRS(NA), which will fool the system to think that the data is in local planar coordinates. This is probably not a good idea!

See Also

Other converters between sp and spatstat: as.ppp.SpatialPoints, as.psp.SpatialLines, as.owin.SpatialPolygons, as.SpatialPolygons.tess.

Aliases
  • as.im.SpatialGridDataFrame
  • coerce,SpatialGridDataFrame,im-method
  • as.SpatialGridDataFrame.im
  • coerce,im,SpatialGridDataFrame-method
  • as.im.RasterLayer
Examples
# NOT RUN {
run <- FALSE
if (require(spatstat, quietly=TRUE)) run <- TRUE
if (run) {
## Extract an example SpatialGridDataFrame and plot it
data(meuse.grid) # A data.frame
gridded(meuse.grid) = ~x+y # Now a SpatialPixelsDataFrame
fullgrid(meuse.grid) <- TRUE # Finally a SpatialGridDataFrame
mg_dist <- meuse.grid["dist"] # A SpatialGridDataFrame with a single column
image(mg_dist, axes=TRUE)
}
if (run) {
## Convert to im format and plot it
mg_im <- as(mg_dist, "im")
plot(mg_im)
}
if (run) {
## Convert back to SpatialGridDataFrame and plot it again
mg2 <- as.SpatialGridDataFrame.im(mg_im)
image(mg2, axes=TRUE)
}
if (run) {
if (require(raster, quietly=TRUE)) {
## Convert SpatialGridDataFrame -> RasterLayer -> im and plot it
r <- as(mg2, "RasterLayer")
r_im <- as.im.RasterLayer(r)
plot(r_im)
}
}
# }
Documentation reproduced from package maptools, version 0.9-8, License: GPL (>= 2)

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