# gcDestination

##### Find destination in geographical coordinates

Find the destination in geographical coordinates at distance dist and for the given bearing from the starting point given by lon and lat.

- Keywords
- spatial

##### Usage

```
gcDestination(lon, lat, bearing, dist, dist.units = "km",
model = NULL, Vincenty = FALSE)
```

##### Arguments

- lon
longitude (Eastings) in decimal degrees (either scalar or vector)

- lat
latitude (Northings) in decimal degrees (either scalar or vector)

- bearing
bearing from 0 to 360 degrees (either scalar or vector)

- dist
distance travelled (scalar)

- dist.units
units of distance "km" (kilometers), "nm" (nautical miles), "mi" (statute miles)

- model
choice of ellipsoid model ("WGS84", "GRS80", "Airy", "International", "Clarke", "GRS67"

- Vincenty
logical flag, default FALSE

##### Details

The bearing argument may be a vector when lon and lat are scalar, representing a single point.

##### Value

A matrix of decimal degree coordinates with Eastings in the first column and Northings in the second column.

##### References

http://www.movable-type.co.uk/scripts/latlong.html#ellipsoid,

the file earlier available at `http:\/\/williams.best.vwh.net/avform.htm`

,

http://www.movable-type.co.uk/scripts/latlong-vincenty-direct.html,

Original reference http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/PUBS_LIB/inverse.pdf:

Vincenty, T. 1975. Direct and inverse solutions of geodesics on the ellipsoid with application of nested equations. Survey Review 22(176):88-93

##### See Also

##### Examples

```
# NOT RUN {
data(state)
res <- gcDestination(state.center$x, state.center$y, 45, 250, "km")
plot(state.center$x, state.center$y, asp=1, pch=16)
arrows(state.center$x, state.center$y, res[,1], res[,2], length=0.05)
llist <- vector(mode="list", length=length(state.center$x))
for (i in seq(along=llist)) llist[[i]] <- gcDestination(state.center$x[i],
state.center$y[i], seq(0, 360, 5), 250, "km")
plot(state.center$x, state.center$y, asp=1, pch=3)
nll <- lapply(llist, lines)
# }
```

*Documentation reproduced from package maptools, version 0.9-9, License: GPL (>= 2)*