lbfgs

0th

Percentile

Low-storage BFGS

Low-storage version of the Broyden-Fletcher-Goldfarb-Shanno (BFGS) method.

Usage
lbfgs(x0, fn, gr = NULL, lower = NULL, upper = NULL, nl.info = FALSE,
control = list(), ...)
Arguments
x0

initial point for searching the optimum.

fn

objective function to be minimized.

gr

gradient of function fn; will be calculated numerically if not specified.

lower, upper

lower and upper bound constraints.

nl.info

logical; shall the original NLopt info been shown.

control

list of control parameters, see nl.opts for help.

...

further arguments to be passed to the function.

Details

The low-storage (or limited-memory) algorithm is a member of the class of quasi-Newton optimization methods. It is well suited for optimization problems with a large number of variables.

One parameter of this algorithm is the number m of gradients to remember from previous optimization steps. NLopt sets m to a heuristic value by default. It can be changed by the NLopt function set_vector_storage.

Value

List with components:

par

the optimal solution found so far.

value

the function value corresponding to par.

iter

number of (outer) iterations, see maxeval.

convergence

integer code indicating successful completion (> 0) or a possible error number (< 0).

message

character string produced by NLopt and giving additional information.

Note

Based on a Fortran implementation of the low-storage BFGS algorithm written by L. Luksan, and posted under the GNU LGPL license.

References

J. Nocedal, Updating quasi-Newton matrices with limited storage,'' Math. Comput. 35, 773-782 (1980).

D. C. Liu and J. Nocedal, On the limited memory BFGS method for large scale optimization,'' Math. Programming 45, p. 503-528 (1989).

optim

• lbfgs
Examples
# NOT RUN {
flb <- function(x) {
p <- length(x)
sum(c(1, rep(4, p-1)) * (x - c(1, x[-p])^2)^2)
}
# 25-dimensional box constrained: par[24] is *not* at the boundary
S <- lbfgs(rep(3, 25), flb, lower=rep(2, 25), upper=rep(4, 25),
nl.info = TRUE, control = list(xtol_rel=1e-8))
## Optimal value of objective function:  368.105912874334
## Optimal value of controls: 2  ...  2  2.109093  4

# }

Documentation reproduced from package nloptr, version 1.2.1, License: LGPL-3

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