nloptr-package

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R interface to NLopt

nloptr is an R interface to NLopt, a free/open-source library for nonlinear optimization started by Steven G. Johnson, providing a common interface for a number of different free optimization routines available online as well as original implementations of various other algorithms. The NLopt library is available under the GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL), and the copyrights are owned by a variety of authors. Most of the information here has been taken from the NLopt website, where more details are available.

Keywords
optimize, interface
Details

NLopt addresses general nonlinear optimization problems of the form:

min f(x) x in R^n

s.t. g(x) <= 0 h(x) = 0 lb <= x <= ub

where f is the objective function to be minimized and x represents the n optimization parameters. This problem may optionally be subject to the bound constraints (also called box constraints), lb and ub. For partially or totally unconstrained problems the bounds can take -Inf or Inf. One may also optionally have m nonlinear inequality constraints (sometimes called a nonlinear programming problem), which can be specified in g(x), and equality constraints that can be specified in h(x). Note that not all of the algorithms in NLopt can handle constraints.

An optimization problem can be solved with the general nloptr interface, or using one of the wrapper functions for the separate algorithms; auglag, bobyqa, cobyla, crs2lm, direct, lbfgs, mlsl, mma, neldermead, newuoa, sbplx, slsqp, stogo, tnewton, varmetric.

Package: nloptr
Type: Package
Version: 0.9.9
Date: 2013-11-22
License: L-GPL
LazyLoad: yes

Note

See ?nloptr for more examples.

References

Steven G. Johnson, The NLopt nonlinear-optimization package, http://ab-initio.mit.edu/nlopt

See Also

optim nlm nlminb Rsolnp::Rsolnp Rsolnp::solnp nloptr auglag bobyqa cobyla crs2lm direct isres lbfgs mlsl mma neldermead newuoa sbplx slsqp stogo tnewton varmetric

Aliases
  • nloptr-package
Examples
# NOT RUN {
# Example problem, number 71 from the Hock-Schittkowsky test suite.
#
# \min_{x} x1*x4*(x1 + x2 + x3) + x3
# s.t.
#    x1*x2*x3*x4 >= 25
#    x1^2 + x2^2 + x3^2 + x4^2 = 40
#    1 <= x1,x2,x3,x4 <= 5
#
# we re-write the inequality as
#   25 - x1*x2*x3*x4 <= 0
#
# and the equality as
#   x1^2 + x2^2 + x3^2 + x4^2 - 40 = 0
#
# x0 = (1,5,5,1)
#
# optimal solution = (1.00000000, 4.74299963, 3.82114998, 1.37940829)


library('nloptr')

#
# f(x) = x1*x4*(x1 + x2 + x3) + x3
#
eval_f <- function( x ) {
    return( list( "objective" = x[1]*x[4]*(x[1] + x[2] + x[3]) + x[3],
                  "gradient" = c( x[1] * x[4] + x[4] * (x[1] + x[2] + x[3]),
                                  x[1] * x[4],
                                  x[1] * x[4] + 1.0,
                                  x[1] * (x[1] + x[2] + x[3]) ) ) )
}

# constraint functions
# inequalities
eval_g_ineq <- function( x ) {
    constr <- c( 25 - x[1] * x[2] * x[3] * x[4] )

    grad   <- c( -x[2]*x[3]*x[4],
                 -x[1]*x[3]*x[4],
                 -x[1]*x[2]*x[4],
                 -x[1]*x[2]*x[3] )
    return( list( "constraints"=constr, "jacobian"=grad ) )
}

# equalities
eval_g_eq <- function( x ) {
    constr <- c( x[1]^2 + x[2]^2 + x[3]^2 + x[4]^2 - 40 )

    grad   <- c(  2.0*x[1],
                  2.0*x[2],
                  2.0*x[3],
                  2.0*x[4] )
    return( list( "constraints"=constr, "jacobian"=grad ) )
}

# initial values
x0 <- c( 1, 5, 5, 1 )

# lower and upper bounds of control
lb <- c( 1, 1, 1, 1 )
ub <- c( 5, 5, 5, 5 )


local_opts <- list( "algorithm" = "NLOPT_LD_MMA",
                    "xtol_rel"  = 1.0e-7 )
opts <- list( "algorithm" = "NLOPT_LD_AUGLAG",
              "xtol_rel"  = 1.0e-7,
              "maxeval"   = 1000,
              "local_opts" = local_opts )

res <- nloptr( x0=x0,
               eval_f=eval_f,
               lb=lb,
               ub=ub,
               eval_g_ineq=eval_g_ineq,
               eval_g_eq=eval_g_eq,
               opts=opts)
print( res )

# }
Documentation reproduced from package nloptr, version 1.2.1, License: LGPL-3

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