The log-gamma distribution

Density, distribution function and gradient of density for the log-gamma distribution. These are implemented in C for speed and care is taken that the correct results are provided for values of NA, NaN, Inf, -Inf or just extremely small or large values.

The log-gamma is a flexible location-scale distribution on the real line with an extra parameter, \(\lambda\). For \(\lambda = 0\) the distribution equals the normal or Gaussian distribution, and for \(\lambda\) equal to 1 and -1, the Gumbel minimum and maximum distributions are obtained.

plgamma(q, lambda, lower.tail = TRUE)

dlgamma(x, lambda, log = FALSE)

glgamma(x, lambda)


numeric vector of quantiles.


numerical scalar


logical; if TRUE (default), probabilities are \(P[X \leq x]\) otherwise, \(P[X > x]\).


logical; if TRUE, probabilities p are given as log(p).


If \(\lambda < 0\) the distribution is right skew, if \(\lambda = 0\) the distribution is symmetric (and equals the normal distribution), and if \(\lambda > 0\) the distribution is left skew.

The log-gamma distribution function is defined as … pending.

The density and gradient of the density are defined as… pending.

These distribution functions, densities and gradients are used in the Newton-Raphson algorithms in fitting cumulative link models with clm2 and cumulative link mixed models with clmm2 using the log-gamma link.


plgamma gives the distribution function, dlgamma gives the density and glgamma gives the gradient of the density.


Genter, F. C. and Farewell, V. T. (1985) Goodness-of-link testing in ordinal regression models. The Canadian Journal of Statistics, 13(1), 37-44.

See Also

Gradients of densities are also implemented for the normal, logistic, cauchy, cf. gfun and the Gumbel distribution, cf. gumbel.

  • plgamma
  • dlgamma
  • glgamma
## Illustrating the link to other distribution functions: 
x <- -5:5
plgamma(x, lambda = 0) == pnorm(x)
all.equal(plgamma(x, lambda = -1), pgumbel(x)) ## TRUE, but:
plgamma(x, lambda = -1) == pgumbel(x)
plgamma(x, lambda = 1) == pgumbel(x, max = FALSE)

dlgamma(x, lambda = 0) == dnorm(x)
dlgamma(x, lambda = -1) == dgumbel(x)
dlgamma(x, lambda = 1) == dgumbel(x, max = FALSE)

glgamma(x, lambda = 0) == gnorm(x)
all.equal(glgamma(x, lambda = -1), ggumbel(x)) ## TRUE, but:
glgamma(x, lambda = -1) == ggumbel(x)
all.equal(glgamma(x, lambda = 1), ggumbel(x, max = FALSE)) ## TRUE, but:
glgamma(x, lambda = 1) == ggumbel(x, max = FALSE)
## There is a loss of accuracy, but the difference is very small: 
glgamma(x, lambda = 1) - ggumbel(x, max = FALSE)

## More examples:
x <- -5:5
plgamma(x, lambda = .5)
dlgamma(x, lambda = .5)
glgamma(x, lambda = .5)

# }
Documentation reproduced from package ordinal, version 2019.12-10, License: GPL (>= 2)

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