plotly v4.9.0


Monthly downloads



Create Interactive Web Graphics via 'plotly.js'

Create interactive web graphics from 'ggplot2' graphs and/or a custom interface to the (MIT-licensed) JavaScript library 'plotly.js' inspired by the grammar of graphics.


Status CRAN
Status CRAN
Downloads monthly

An R package for creating interactive web graphics via the open source JavaScript graphing library plotly.js.


Install from CRAN:


Or install the latest development version (on GitHub) via devtools:


Getting started

Web-based ggplot2 graphics

If you use ggplot2, ggplotly() converts your static plots to an interactive web-based version!

g <- ggplot(faithful, aes(x = eruptions, y = waiting)) +
  stat_density_2d(aes(fill = ..level..), geom = "polygon") + 
  xlim(1, 6) + ylim(40, 100)


By default, ggplotly() tries to replicate the static ggplot2 version exactly (before any interaction occurs), but sometimes you need greater control over the interactive behavior. The ggplotly() function itself has some convenient “high-level” arguments, such as dynamicTicks, which tells plotly.js to dynamically recompute axes, when appropriate. The style() function also comes in handy for modifying the underlying trace attributes (e.g. hoveron) used to generate the plot:

gg <- ggplotly(g, dynamicTicks = "y")
style(gg, hoveron = "points", hoverinfo = "x+y+text", hoverlabel = list(bgcolor = "white"))


Moreover, since ggplotly() returns a plotly object, you can apply essentially any function from the R package on that object. Some useful ones include layout() (for customizing the layout), add_traces() (and its higher-level add_*() siblings, for example add_polygons(), for adding new traces/data), subplot() (for combining multiple plotly objects), and plotly_json() (for inspecting the underlying JSON sent to plotly.js).

The ggplotly() function will also respect some “unofficial” ggplot2 aesthetics, namely text (for customizing the tooltip), frame (for creating animations), and ids (for ensuring sensible smooth transitions).

Using plotly without ggplot2

The plot_ly() function provides a more direct interface to plotly.js so you can leverage more specialized chart types (e.g., parallel coordinates or maps) or even some visualization that the ggplot2 API won’t ever support (e.g., surface, mesh, trisurf, etc).

plot_ly(z = ~volcano, type = "surface")


Learn more

To learn more about special features that the plotly R package provides (e.g., client-side linking, shiny integration, editing and generating static images, custom events in JavaScript, and more), see You may already be familiar with existing plotly documentation (e.g.,, which is essentially a language-agnostic how-to guide for learning plotly.js, whereas is meant to be more wholistic tutorial written by and for the R user. The package itself ships with a number of demos (list them by running demo(package = "plotly")) and shiny/rmarkdown examples (list them by running plotly_example("shiny") or plotly_example("rmd")). Carson also keeps numerous slide decks with useful examples and concepts.


Please read through our contributing guidelines. Included are directions for opening issues, asking questions, contributing changes to plotly, and our code of conduct.


Functions in plotly

Name Description
TeX Render TeX in a plotly graph using MathJax
gg2list Convert a ggplot to a list.
add_data Add data to a plotly visualization
as_widget Convert a list to a plotly htmlwidget object
config Set the default configuration for plotly
ggplotly Convert ggplot2 to plotly
embed_notebook Embed a plot as an iframe into a Jupyter Notebook
attrs_selected Specify attributes of selection traces
highlight Query graphical elements in multiple linked views
geom2trace Convert a "basic" geoms to a plotly.js trace.
add_fun Apply function to plot, without modifying data
orca Static image exporting
partial_bundle Use a partial bundle of plotly.js
api_create Tools for working with plotly's REST API (v2)
event_unregister Un-register a shiny input value
get_figure Request a figure object
as.widget Convert a plotly object to an htmlwidget object
plotly-shiny Shiny bindings for plotly
bbox Estimate bounding box of a rotated string
highlight_key Highlight/query data based on primary key
export Export a plotly graph to a static file
plotly Main interface to plotly
colorbar Modify the colorbar
knit_print.api_grid_local Embed a plotly grid as an iframe in a knitr doc
knit_print.api_plot Embed a plotly figure as an iframe in a knitr doc
hobbs Hobbs data
plot_dendro Plot an interactive dendrogram
print.api Print method for a 'generic' API response
print.api_grid Print a plotly grid object
to_basic Convert a geom to a "basic" geom.
group2NA Separate groups with missing values
plotlyProxy Modify a plotly object inside a shiny app
plotly_IMAGE Create a static image
plot_geo Initiate a plotly-geo object
plotly_POST Create/Modify plotly graphs
wind Wind data
knit_print.api_grid Embed a plotly grid as an iframe in a knitr doc
mutate Objects exported from other packages
plotly_build 'Build' (i.e., evaluate) a plotly object
hide_colorbar Hide color bar(s)
last_plot Retrieve the last plot to be modified or created.
style Modify trace(s)
remove_typedarray_polyfill Remove TypedArray polyfill
schema Acquire (and optionally display) plotly's plot schema
subplot View multiple plots in a single view
res_mn Minnesotan Indian Reservation Lands
offline Plotly Offline
print.api_grid_local Print a plotly grid object
mic Mic data
print.api_plot Print a plot on plotly's platform
layout Modify the layout of a plotly visualization
plotly_data Obtain data associated with a plotly graph
add_trace Add trace(s) to a plotly visualization
animation_opts Animation configuration options
event_data Access plotly user input event data in shiny
plotly_json Inspect JSON sent to plotly.js
plotly_empty Create a complete empty plotly graph.
plotly_example Run a plotly example(s)
showRGB View colors already formatted by toRGB()
signup Create a new plotly account.
event_register Register a shiny input value
rangeslider Add a range slider to the x-axis
hide_legend Hide legend
plot_mapbox Initiate a plotly-mapbox object
hide_guides Hide guides (legends and colorbars)
raster2uri Convert a raster object to a data URI
plot_ly Initiate a plotly visualization
toWebGL Convert trace types to WebGL
toRGB Convert R colours to RGBA hexadecimal colour values
add_annotations Add an annotation(s) to a plot
No Results!

Last month downloads


Include our badge in your README