mvrVal

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MSEP, RMSEP and R2 of PLSR and PCR models

Functions to estimate the mean squared error of prediction (MSEP), root mean squared error of prediction (RMSEP) and \(R^2\) (A.K.A. coefficient of multiple determination) for fitted PCR and PLSR models. Test-set, cross-validation and calibration-set estimates are implemented.

Keywords
multivariate, regression
Usage
MSEP(object, ...)
# S3 method for mvr
MSEP(object, estimate, newdata, ncomp = 1:object$ncomp, comps,
     intercept = cumulative, se = FALSE, …)

RMSEP(object, ...) # S3 method for mvr RMSEP(object, ...)

R2(object, ...) # S3 method for mvr R2(object, estimate, newdata, ncomp = 1:object$ncomp, comps, intercept = cumulative, se = FALSE, …)

mvrValstats(object, estimate, newdata, ncomp = 1:object$ncomp, comps, intercept = cumulative, se = FALSE, …)

Arguments
object

an mvr object

estimate

a character vector. Which estimators to use. Should be a subset of c("all", "train", "CV", "adjCV", "test"). "adjCV" is only available for (R)MSEP. See below for how the estimators are chosen.

newdata

a data frame with test set data.

ncomp, comps

a vector of positive integers. The components or number of components to use. See below.

intercept

logical. Whether estimates for a model with zero components should be returned as well.

se

logical. Whether estimated standard errors of the estimates should be calculated. Not implemented yet.

further arguments sent to underlying functions or (for RMSEP) to MSEP

Details

RMSEP simply calls MSEP and takes the square root of the estimates. It therefore accepts the same arguments as MSEP.

Several estimators can be used. "train" is the training or calibration data estimate, also called (R)MSEC. For R2, this is the unadjusted \(R^2\). It is overoptimistic and should not be used for assessing models. "CV" is the cross-validation estimate, and "adjCV" (for RMSEP and MSEP) is the bias-corrected cross-validation estimate. They can only be calculated if the model has been cross-validated. Finally, "test" is the test set estimate, using newdata as test set.

Which estimators to use is decided as follows (see below for mvrValstats). If estimate is not specified, the test set estimate is returned if newdata is specified, otherwise the CV and adjusted CV (for RMSEP and MSEP) estimates if the model has been cross-validated, otherwise the training data estimate. If estimate is "all", all possible estimates are calculated. Otherwise, the specified estimates are calculated.

Several model sizes can also be specified. If comps is missing (or is NULL), length(ncomp) models are used, with ncomp[1] components, …, ncomp[length(ncomp)] components. Otherwise, a single model with the components comps[1], …, comps[length(comps)] is used. If intercept is TRUE, a model with zero components is also used (in addition to the above).

The \(R^2\) values returned by "R2" are calculated as \(1 - SSE/SST\), where \(SST\) is the (corrected) total sum of squares of the response, and \(SSE\) is the sum of squared errors for either the fitted values (i.e., the residual sum of squares), test set predictions or cross-validated predictions (i.e., the \(PRESS\)). For estimate = "train", this is equivalent to the squared correlation between the fitted values and the response. For estimate = "train", the estimate is often called the prediction \(R^2\).

mvrValstats is a utility function that calculates the statistics needed by MSEP and R2. It is not intended to be used interactively. It accepts the same arguments as MSEP and R2. However, the estimate argument must be specified explicitly: no partial matching and no automatic choice is made. The function simply calculates the types of estimates it knows, and leaves the other untouched.

Value

mvrValstats returns a list with components

SSE

three-dimensional array of SSE values. The first dimension is the different estimators, the second is the response variables and the third is the models.

SST

matrix of SST values. The first dimension is the different estimators and the second is the response variables.

nobj

a numeric vector giving the number of objects used for each estimator.

comps

the components specified, with 0 prepended if intercept is TRUE.

cumulative

TRUE if comps was NULL or not specified.

The other functions return an object of class "mvrVal", with components

val

three-dimensional array of estimates. The first dimension is the different estimators, the second is the response variables and the third is the models.

type

"MSEP", "RMSEP" or "R2".

comps

the components specified, with 0 prepended if intercept is TRUE.

cumulative

TRUE if comps was NULL or not specified.

call

the function call

References

Mevik, B.-H., Cederkvist, H. R. (2004) Mean Squared Error of Prediction (MSEP) Estimates for Principal Component Regression (PCR) and Partial Least Squares Regression (PLSR). Journal of Chemometrics, 18(9), 422--429.

See Also

mvr, crossval, mvrCv, validationplot, plot.mvrVal

Aliases
  • MSEP
  • MSEP.mvr
  • RMSEP
  • RMSEP.mvr
  • R2
  • R2.mvr
  • mvrValstats
Examples
# NOT RUN {
data(oliveoil)
mod <- plsr(sensory ~ chemical, ncomp = 4, data = oliveoil, validation = "LOO")
RMSEP(mod)
# }
# NOT RUN {
plot(R2(mod))
# }
Documentation reproduced from package pls, version 2.7-2, License: GPL-2

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