progress (version 1.2.2)

progress_bar: Progress bar in the terminal

Description

Progress bars are configurable, may include percentage, elapsed time, and/or the estimated completion time. They work in the command line, in Emacs and in R Studio. The progress package was heavily influenced by https://github.com/tj/node-progress

Arguments

Creating the progress bar

A progress bar is an R6 object, that can be created with progress_bar$new(). It has the following arguments:

format

The format of the progress bar. A number of tokens can be used here, see them below. It defaults to "[:bar] :percent", which means that the progress bar is within brackets on the left, and the percentage is printed on the right.

total

Total number of ticks to complete. If it is unknown, use NA here. Defaults to 100.

width

Width of the progress bar. Default is the current terminal width (see options() and width) minus two.

stream

This argument is deprecated, and message() is used to print the progress bar.

complete

Completion character, defaults to =.

incomplete

Incomplete character, defaults to -.

current

Current character, defaults to >.

callback

Callback function to call when the progress bar finishes. The progress bar object itself is passed to it as the single parameter.

clear

Whether to clear the progress bar on completion. Defaults to TRUE.

show_after

Amount of time in seconds, after which the progress bar is shown on the screen. For very short processes, it is probably not worth showing it at all. Defaults to two tenth of a second.

force

Whether to force showing the progress bar, even if the given (or default) stream does not seem to support it.

message_class

Extra classes to add to the message conditions signalled by the progress bar.

Using the progress bar

Three functions can update a progress bar. progress_bar$tick() increases the number of ticks by one (or another specified value). progress_bar$update() sets a given ratio and progress_bar$terminate() removes the progress bar. progress_bar$finished can be used to see if the progress bar has finished.

Note that the progress bar is not shown immediately, but only after show_after seconds. (Set this to zero, and call `tick(0)` to force showing the progress bar.)

progress_bar$message() prints a message above the progress bar. It fails if the progress bar has already finished.

Tokens

They can be used in the format argument when creating the progress bar.

:bar

The progress bar itself.

:current

Current tick number.

:total

Total ticks.

:elapsed

Elapsed time in seconds.

:elapsedfull

Elapsed time in hh:mm:ss format.

:eta

Estimated completion time in seconds.

:percent

Completion percentage.

:rate

Download rate, bytes per second. See example below.

:tick_rate

Similar to :rate, but we don't assume that the units are bytes, we just print the raw number of ticks per second.

:bytes

Shows :current, formatted as bytes. Useful for downloads or file reads if you don't know the size of the file in advance. See example below.

:spin

Shows a spinner that updates even when progress is advanced by zero.

Custom tokens are also supported, and you need to pass their values to progress_bar$tick() or progress_bar$update(), in a named list. See example below.

Options

The `progress_enabled` option can be set to `FALSE` to turn off the progress bar. This works for the C++ progress bar as well.

Examples

# NOT RUN {
## We don't run the examples on CRAN, because they takes >10s
## altogether. Unfortunately it is hard to create a set of
## meaningful progress bar examples that also run quickly.
# }
# NOT RUN {
## Basic
pb <- progress_bar$new(total = 100)
for (i in 1:100) {
  pb$tick()
  Sys.sleep(1 / 100)
}

## ETA
pb <- progress_bar$new(
  format = "  downloading [:bar] :percent eta: :eta",
  total = 100, clear = FALSE, width= 60)
for (i in 1:100) {
  pb$tick()
  Sys.sleep(1 / 100)
}

## Elapsed time
pb <- progress_bar$new(
  format = "  downloading [:bar] :percent in :elapsed",
  total = 100, clear = FALSE, width= 60)
for (i in 1:100) {
  pb$tick()
  Sys.sleep(1 / 100)
}

## Spinner
pb <- progress_bar$new(
  format = "(:spin) [:bar] :percent",
  total = 30, clear = FALSE, width = 60)
for (i in 1:30) {
  pb$tick()
  Sys.sleep(3 / 100)
}

## Custom tokens
pb <- progress_bar$new(
  format = "  downloading :what [:bar] :percent eta: :eta",
  clear = FALSE, total = 200, width = 60)
f <- function() {
  for (i in 1:100) {
    pb$tick(tokens = list(what = "foo   "))
    Sys.sleep(2 / 100)
  }
  for (i in 1:100) {
    pb$tick(tokens = list(what = "foobar"))
    Sys.sleep(2 / 100)
  }
}
f()

## Download (or other) rates
pb <- progress_bar$new(
  format = "  downloading foobar at :rate, got :bytes in :elapsed",
  clear = FALSE, total = NA, width = 60)
f <- function() {
  for (i in 1:100) {
    pb$tick(sample(1:100 * 1000, 1))
    Sys.sleep(2/100)
  }
  pb$tick(1e7)
  invisible()
}
f()

pb <- progress_bar$new(
  format = "  got :current rows at :tick_rate/sec",
  clear = FALSE, total = NA, width = 60)
f <- function() {
  for (i in 1:100) {
    pb$tick(sample(1:100, 1))
    Sys.sleep(2/100)
  }
  pb$terminate()
  invisible()
}
f()

# }
# NOT RUN {
# }