```
# cbind() for dfm objects
(dfmat1 <- dfm(tokens(c("a b c d", "c d e f"))))
(dfmat2 <- dfm(tokens(c("a b", "x y z"))))
cbind(dfmat1, dfmat2)
cbind(dfmat1, 100)
cbind(100, dfmat1)
cbind(dfmat1, matrix(c(101, 102), ncol = 1))
cbind(matrix(c(101, 102), ncol = 1), dfmat1)
# rbind() for dfm objects
(dfmat1 <- dfm(tokens(c(doc1 = "This is one sample text sample."))))
(dfmat2 <- dfm(tokens(c(doc2 = "One two three text text."))))
(dfmat3 <- dfm(tokens(c(doc3 = "This is the fourth sample text."))))
rbind(dfmat1, dfmat2)
rbind(dfmat1, dfmat2, dfmat3)
```

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