```
r <- raster(nrows=10, ncols=10)
adjacent(r, cells=c(1, 55), directions=8, pairs=TRUE)
a <- adjacent(r, cell = c(1,55,90), directions=4, sorted=TRUE)
a
r[c(1,55,90)] <- 1
r[a] <- 2
plot(r)
# same result as above
rook <- matrix(c(NA, 1, NA,
1, 0, 1,
NA, 1, NA), ncol=3, byrow=TRUE)
adjacent(r, cells = c(1,55,90), directions=rook, sorted=TRUE)
# Count the number of times that a cell with a certain value
# occurs next to a cell with a certain value
set.seed(0)
r <- raster(ncol=10, nrow=10)
values(r) <- round(runif(ncell(r)) * 5)
a <- adjacent(r, 1:ncell(r), 4, pairs=TRUE)
tb <- table(r[a[,1]], r[a[,2]])
tb
# make a matrix out of the 'table' object
tb <- unclass(tb)
plot(raster(tb, xmn=-0.5, xmx=5.5, ymn=-0.5, ymx=5.5))
```

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