read.dta13 reads a Stata dta-file and imports the data into a
read.dta13( file, convert.factors = TRUE, generate.factors = FALSE, encoding = "UTF-8", fromEncoding = NULL, convert.underscore = FALSE, missing.type = FALSE, convert.dates = TRUE, replace.strl = TRUE, add.rownames = FALSE, nonint.factors = FALSE, select.rows = NULL, select.cols = NULL, strlexport = FALSE, strlpath = ".", tz = "GMT" )
The function returns a data.frame with attributes. The attributes include
Timestamp of file creation
Stata display formats. May be used with
Stata data type (see Stata Corp 2014)
For each variable the name of the associated value labels in "label"
dta file format version
List of value labels.
Character vector with long strings for the new strl string variable type. The name of every element is the identifier.
list providing variable name, characteristic name and the contents of Stata characteristic field.
List of numeric vectors with Stata missing type for each variable.
Byteorder of the dta-file. LSF or MSF.
Dimension recorded inside the dta-file.
character. Path to the dta file you want to import.
TRUE, factors from Stata
value labels are created.
TRUE and convert.factors is
TRUE, missing factor labels are created from integers. If duplicated labels
are found, unique labels will be generated according the following scheme:
character. Strings can be converted from Windows-1252 or UTF-8 to system encoding. Options are "latin1" or "UTF-8" to specify target encoding explicitly. Stata 14, 15 and 16 files are UTF-8 encoded and may contain strings which can't be displayed in the current locale. Set encoding=NULL to stop reencoding.
character. We expect strings to be encoded as "CP1252" for Stata Versions 13 and older. For dta files saved with Stata 14 or newer "UTF-8" is used. In some situation the used encoding can differ for Stata 14 files and must be manually set.
TRUE, "_" in variable
names will be changed to "."
logical. Stata knows 27 different missing types:
., .a, .b, ..., .z. If
missing will be
TRUE, Stata dates are
TRUE, replace the reference to
a strL string in the data.frame with the actual value. The strl attribute
will be removed from the data.frame (see details).
TRUE, the first column will be
used as rownames. Variable will be dropped afterwards.
TRUE, factors labels
will be assigned to variables of type float and double.
integer. Vector of one or two numbers. If single value rows from 1:val are selected. If two values of a range are selected the rows in range will be selected.
character. Vector of variables to select.
logical. Should strl content be exported as binary files?
character. Path for strl export.
character. time zone specification to be used for POSIXct values. ‘""’ is the current time zone, and ‘"GMT"’ is UTC (Universal Time, Coordinated).
If the filename is a url, the file will be downloaded as a temporary file and read afterwards.
Stata files are encoded in ansinew. Depending on your system's default encoding certain characters may appear wrong. Using a correct encoding may fix these.
Variable names stored in the dta-file will be used in the resulting
data.frame. Stata types char, byte, and int will become integer; float and
double will become numerics. R only knows a single missing type, while Stata
knows 27, so all Stata missings will become NA in R. If you need to keep
track of Statas original missing types, you may use
Stata dates are converted to R's Date class the same way foreign handles dates.
Stata 13 introduced a new character type called strL. strLs are able to store
strings up to 2 billion characters. While R is able to store
strings of this size in a character vector, the printed representation of
such vectors looks rather cluttered, so it's possible to save only a
reference in the data.frame with option
In R, you may use rownames to store characters (see for instance
data(swiss)). In Stata, this is not possible and rownames have to be
stored as a variable. If you want to use rownames, set add.rownames to TRUE.
Then the first variable of the dta-file will hold the rownames of the
Reading dta-files of older and newer versions than 13 was introduced with version 0.8.
Stata Corp (2014): Description of .dta file format https://www.stata.com/help.cgi?dta
read.dta in package
memisc for dta files from Stata
versions < 13 and
read_dta in package
haven for Stata version