with_env

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Evaluate an expression within a given environment

These functions evaluate expr within a given environment (env for with_env(), or the child of the current environment for locally). They rely on eval_bare() which features a lighter evaluation mechanism than base R base::eval(), and which also has some subtle implications when evaluting stack sensitive functions (see help for eval_bare()).

Usage
with_env(env, expr)locally(expr)
Arguments
env

An environment within which to evaluate expr. Can be an object with an get_env() method.

expr

An expression to evaluate.

Details

locally() is equivalent to the base function base::local() but it produces a much cleaner evaluation stack, and has stack-consistent semantics. It is thus more suited for experimenting with the R language.

• with_env
• locally
Examples
# NOT RUN {
# with_env() is handy to create formulas with a given environment:
env <- child_env("rlang")
f <- with_env(env, ~new_formula())
identical(f_env(f), env)

# Or functions with a given enclosure:
fn <- with_env(env, function() NULL)
identical(get_env(fn), env)

# Unlike eval() it doesn't create duplicates on the evaluation
# stack. You can thus use it e.g. to create non-local returns:
fn <- function() {
g(get_env())
"normal return"
}
g <- function(env) {
with_env(env, return("early return"))
}
fn()

# Since env is passed to as_env(), it can be any object with an
# as_env() method. For strings, the pkg_env() is returned:
with_env("base", ~mtcars)

# This can be handy to put dictionaries in scope:
with_env(mtcars, cyl)
# }

Documentation reproduced from package rlang, version 0.1.1, License: GPL-3

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