# which.influence

##### Which Observations are Influential

Creates a list with a component for each factor in the model. The
names of the components are the factor names. Each component contains
the observation identifiers of all observations that are "overly
influential" with respect to that factor, meaning that \(|dfbetas| >
u\) for at least one \(\beta_i\) associated with that factor,
for a given `cutoff`

. The default `cutoff`

is `.2`

. The
fit must come from a function that has `resid(fit, type="dfbetas")`

defined.

`show.influence`

, written by Jens Oehlschlaegel-Akiyoshi, applies the
result of `which.influence`

to a data frame, usually the one used to
fit the model, to report the results.

- Keywords
- models, regression, survival

##### Usage

`which.influence(fit, cutoff=.2)`show.influence(object, dframe, report=NULL, sig=NULL, id=NULL)

##### Arguments

- fit
fit object

- object
the result of

`which.influence`

- dframe
data frame containing observations pertinent to the model fit

- cutoff
cutoff value

- report
other columns of the data frame to report besides those corresponding to predictors that are influential for some observations

- sig
runs results through

`signif`

with`sig`

digits if`sig`

is given- id
a character vector that labels rows of

`dframe`

if`row.names`

were not used

##### Value

`show.influence`

returns a marked dataframe with the first column being
a count of influence values

##### See Also

`residuals.lrm`

, `residuals.cph`

,
`residuals.ols`

, `rms`

, `lrm`

,
`ols`

, `cph`

##### Examples

```
# NOT RUN {
#print observations in data frame that are influential,
#separately for each factor in the model
x1 <- 1:20
x2 <- abs(x1-10)
x3 <- factor(rep(0:2,length.out=20))
y <- c(rep(0:1,8),1,1,1,1)
f <- lrm(y ~ rcs(x1,3) + x2 + x3, x=TRUE,y=TRUE)
w <- which.influence(f, .55)
nam <- names(w)
d <- data.frame(x1,x2,x3,y)
for(i in 1:length(nam)) {
print(paste("Influential observations for effect of ",nam[i]),quote=FALSE)
print(d[w[[i]],])
}
show.influence(w, d) # better way to show results
# }
```

*Documentation reproduced from package rms, version 5.1-4, License: GPL (>= 2)*