extract

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Extract samples from a fitted Stan model

Extract samples from a fitted model represented by an instance of class .

Keywords
methods
Usage
# S4 method for stanfit
extract(object, pars, permuted = TRUE, inc_warmup = FALSE, 
  include = TRUE)
Arguments
object
An object of class .
pars
An optional character vector providing the parameter names (or other quantity names) of interest. If not specified, all parameters and other quantities are used. The log-posterior with name lp__ is also included by default.
permuted
A logical scalar indicating whether the draws after the warmup period in each chain should be permuted and merged. If FALSE, the original order is kept. For each stanfit object, the permutation is fixed (i.e., extracting samples a second time will give the same sequence of iterations).
inc_warmup
A logical scalar indicating whether to include the warmup draws. This argument is only relevant if permuted is FALSE.
include
A logical scalar indicating whether the parameters named in pars should be included (TRUE) or excluded (FALSE).
Value

When permuted = TRUE, this function returns a named list, every element of which is an array representing samples for a parameter with all chains merged together. When permuted = FALSE, an array is returned; the first dimension is for the iterations, the second for the number of chains, the third for the parameters. Vectors and arrays are expanded to one parameter (a scalar) per cell, with names indicating the third dimension. See the examples (with comments) below. The monitor function can be applied to the returned array to obtain a summary (similar to the print method for objects).

Methods

extract
signature(object = "stanfit")
Extract samples from a fitted model represented by an instance of class .

See Also

S4 class , as.array.stanfit, and monitor

Aliases
  • extract
  • extract,stanfit-method
Examples


# Create a stanfit object from reading CSV files of samples (saved in rstan
# package) generated by funtion stan for demonstration purpose from model as follows. 
# 
excode <- '
  transformed data {
    real y[20];
    y[1] <- 0.5796;  y[2]  <- 0.2276;   y[3] <- -0.2959; 
    y[4] <- -0.3742; y[5]  <- 0.3885;   y[6] <- -2.1585;
    y[7] <- 0.7111;  y[8]  <- 1.4424;   y[9] <- 2.5430; 
    y[10] <- 0.3746; y[11] <- 0.4773;   y[12] <- 0.1803; 
    y[13] <- 0.5215; y[14] <- -1.6044;  y[15] <- -0.6703; 
    y[16] <- 0.9459; y[17] <- -0.382;   y[18] <- 0.7619;
    y[19] <- 0.1006; y[20] <- -1.7461;
  }
  parameters {
    real mu;
    real<lower=0, upper=10> sigma;
    vector[2] z[3];
    real<lower=0> alpha;
  } 
  model {
    y ~ normal(mu, sigma);
    for (i in 1:3) 
      z[i] ~ normal(0, 1);
    alpha ~ exponential(2);
  } 
'
# exfit <- stan(model_code = excode, save_dso = FALSE, iter = 200, 
#               sample_file = "rstan_doc_ex.csv")
# 
exfit <- read_stan_csv(dir(system.file('misc', package = 'rstan'),
                       pattern='rstan_doc_ex_[[:digit:]].csv',
                       full.names = TRUE))

ee1 <- extract(exfit, permuted = TRUE)
print(names(ee1))

for (name in names(ee1)) {
  cat(name, "\n")
  print(dim(ee1[[name]]))
}

ee2 <- extract(exfit, permuted = FALSE)
print(dim(ee2))
print(dimnames(ee2))
Documentation reproduced from package rstan, version 2.15.1, License: GPL (>= 3)

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