`parcelAllocation`

function (Quick & Schoemann, 2012), fits a SEM to each allocation, pools results across allocations from that iteration, and then assesses whether stopping criteria are met. If stopping criteria are not met, the algorithm increments the number of allocations used (generating all new allocations).
`poolMAlloc(nPerPar, facPlc, nAllocStart, nAllocAdd = 0, parceloutput=0, syntax, dataset, stopProp, stopValue, selectParam = NULL, double = FALSE, checkConv = FALSE, names = 'default', leaveout = 0, useTotalAlloc=FALSE, ...)`

nPerPar

A list in which each element is a vector, corresponding to each factor, indicating sizes of parcels. If variables are left out of parceling, they should not be accounted for here (i.e., there should not be parcels of size "1").

facPlc

A list of vectors, each corresponding to a factor, specifying the item indicators of that factor (whether included in parceling or not). Either variable names or column numbers. Variables not listed will not be modeled or included in output datasets.

nAllocStart

The number of random allocations of items to parcels to generate in the first iteration of the algorithm.

nAllocAdd

The number of allocations to add with each iteration of the algorithm. Note that if only one iteration is desired,

`nAllocAdd`

can be set to 0 and results will be output for `nAllocStart`

allocations only.
syntax

lavaan syntax that defines the model.

dataset

Item-level dataset

parceloutput

(Optional) folder where *M* (the final selected number of allocations) parceled data sets will be outputted from the iteration where the algorithm met stopping criteria. (Note for Windows users: file path must be specified using forward slashes).

stopProp

Value used in defining stopping criteria of the algorithm ($\delta_a$ in Sterba & Rights, 2016). This is the minimum proportion of change (in any pooled parameter or pooled standard error estimate listed in

`selectParam`

) that is allowable from one iteration of the algorithm to the next. That is, change in pooled estimates and pooled standard errors from one iteration to the next must all be less than (`stopProp`

) x (value from former iteration). Note that `stopValue`

can override this criterion (see below). Also note that values less than .01 are unlikely to lead to more substantively meaningful precision. Also note that if only `stopValue`

is a desired criterion, `stopProp`

can be set to 0.
stopValue

Value used in defining stopping criteria of the algorithm ($\delta_b$ in Sterba & Rights, 2016).

`stopValue`

is a minimum allowable amount of absolute change (in any pooled parameter or pooled standard error estimate listed in `selectParam`

) from one iteration of the algorithm to the next. For a given pooled estimate or pooled standard error, `stopValue`

is only invoked as a stopping criteria when the minimum change required by `stopProp`

is less than `stopValue`

. Note that values less than .01 are unlikely to lead to more substantively meaningful precision. Also note that if only `stopProp`

is a desired criterion, `stopValue`

can be set to 0.
selectParam

(Optional) A list of the pooled parameters to be used in defining stopping criteria (i.e.,

`stopProp`

and `stopValue`

). These parameters should appear in the order they are listed in the lavaan syntax. By default, all pooled parameters are used. Note that `selectParam`

should only contain freely-estimated parameters. In one example from Sterba and Rights (2016) `selectParam`

included all free parameters except item intercepts and in another example `selectParam`

included only structural parameters.
double

(Optional) If set to

`TRUE`

, requires stopping criteria (`stopProp`

and `stopValue`

) to be met for all parameters (in `selectParam`

) for two consecutive iterations of the algorithm. By default, this is set to `FALSE`

, meaning stopping criteria need only be met at one iteration of the algorithm.
names

(Optional) A character vector containing the names of parceled variables.

leaveout

(Optional) A vector of variables to be left out of randomized parceling. Either variable names or column numbers are allowed.

useTotalAlloc

(Optional) If set to *M* allocations (see "Allocations needed for stability" below). This distinction is further discussed in Sterba and Rights (2016).

`TRUE`

, function will output a separate set of results that uses all allocations created by the algorithm, rather than checkConv

(Optional) If set to TRUE, function will output pooled estimates and standard errors from 10 iterations post-convergence.

...

Additional arguments to be passed to

`lavaan`

- Estimates
- A table containing pooled results across
*M*allocations at the iteration where stopping criteria were met. Columns correspond to individual parameter name, pooled estimate, pooled standard error,*p*-value for a*z*-test of the parameter,*z*-based 95% confidence interval,*p*-value for a*t*-test of the parameter (using degrees of freedom described in Sterba & Rights, 2016), and*t*-based 95% confidence interval for the parameter. - Fit
- A table containing results related to model fit from the
*M*allocations at the iteration where stopping criteria were met. Columns correspond to fit index names, the average of each index across allocations, the standard deviation of each fit index across allocations, the maximum of each fit index across allocations, the minimum of each fit index across allocations, the range of each fit index across allocations, and the percent of the*M*allocations where the chi-square test of absolute fit was significant. - Proportion of converged and proper allocations
- A table containing the proportion of the final
*M*allocations that converged (using a maximum likelihood estimator) and the proportion of allocations that converged to proper solutions. Note that pooled estimates, pooled standard errors, and other results are computed using only the converged, proper allocations. - Allocations needed for stability (M)
- The number of allocations (
*M*) at which the algorithm's stopping criteria (defined above) were met. - Indices used to quantify uncertainty in estimates due to sample vs. allocation variability
- A table containing individual parameter names, an estimate of the proportion of total variance of a pooled parameter estimate that is attributable to parcel-allocation variability (PPAV), and an estimate of the ratio of the between-allocation variance of a pooled parameter estimate to the within-allocation variance (RPAV). See Sterba and Rights (2016) for more detail.
- Total runtime (minutes)
- The total runtime of the function, in minutes. Note that the total runtime will be greater when the the specified model encounters convergence problems for some allocations, as is the case with the
`simParcel`

dataset used below.

`parcelAllocation`

. It implements a new algorithm for choosing the number of allocations (`nAllocStart`

) of item-to-parcel allocations, fits a SEM to each allocation, and then increments the number of allocations used (by `nAllocAdd`

) until the pooled parameter estimates and pooled standard errors fulfill stopping criteria (`stopProp`

and `stopValue`

, defined above). Results from the model that was fit to the Additionally, this function newly outputs the proportion of allocations with solutions that converged (using a maximum likelihood estimator) as well as the proportion of allocations with solutions that were converged and proper. The converged and proper solutions among the final *M* allocations are used in computing pooled results. The original parcelAllocation function could not be employed if any allocations yielded nonconverged solutions.

For further details on the benefits of the random allocation of items to parcels, see Sterba (2011) and Sterba and MacCallum (2010).

Additionally, after each iteration of the algorithm, information useful in monitoring the algorithm is outputted. The number of allocations used at that iteration, the proportion of pooled parameter estimates meeting stopping criteria at the previous iteration, the proportion of pooled standard errors meeting stopping criteria at the previous iteration, and the runtime of that iteration are outputted. When stopping criteria are satisfied, the full set of results are outputted.

Sterba, S. K., & MacCallum, R. C. (2010). Variability in parameter estimates and model fit across repeated allocations of items to parcels. *Multivariate Behavioral Research, 45*(2), 322-358.

Sterba, S. K. & Rights, J. D. (2016). Accounting for parcel-allocation variability in practice: Combining sources of uncertainty and choosing the number of allocations. *Multivariate Behavioral Research*. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/00273171.2016.1144502

`parcelAllocation`

, `PAVranking`

```
## Not run:
# ## Lavaan syntax: A 2 Correlated
# ## factor CFA model to be fit to parceled data
#
# parmodel <- '
# f1 =~ NA*p1f1 + p2f1 + p3f1
# f2 =~ NA*p1f2 + p2f2 + p3f2
# p1f1 ~ 1
# p2f1 ~ 1
# p3f1 ~ 1
# p1f2 ~ 1
# p2f2 ~ 1
# p3f2 ~ 1
# p1f1 ~~ p1f1
# p2f1 ~~ p2f1
# p3f1 ~~ p3f1
# p1f2 ~~ p1f2
# p2f2 ~~ p2f2
# p3f2 ~~ p3f2
# f1 ~~ 1*f1
# f2 ~~ 1*f2
# f1 ~~ f2
# '
#
# ##specify items for each factor
# f1name <- colnames(simParcel)[1:9]
# f2name <- colnames(simParcel)[10:18]
#
# ##run function
# poolMAlloc(nPerPar=list(c(3,3,3),c(3,3,3)),
# facPlc=list(f1name,f2name), nAllocStart=10,
# nAllocAdd=10, syntax=parmodel,
# dataset=simParcel, stopProp=.03,
# stopValue=.03, selectParam=c(1:6,13:18,21),
# names=list("p1f1","p2f1","p3f1","p1f2","p2f2","p3f2"),
# double=FALSE, useTotalAlloc=FALSE)
# ## End(Not run)
```

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