sjlabelled (version 1.2.0)

get_label: Retrieve variable label(s) of labelled data

Description

This function returns the variable labels of labelled data.

Usage

get_label(x, ..., def.value = NULL, case = NULL)

Arguments

x

A data frame with variables that have label attributes (e.g. from an imported SPSS, SAS or STATA data set, via read_spss, read_sas or read_stata); a variable (vector) with variable label attribute; or a list of variables with variable label attributes. See 'Examples'.

...

Optional, names of variables, where labels should be retrieved. Required, if either data is a data frame and no vector, or if only selected variables from x should be used in the function. Convenient argument to work with pipe-chains (see 'Examples').

def.value

Optional, a character string which will be returned as label if x has no label attribute. By default, NULL is returned.

case

Desired target case. Labels will automatically converted into the specified character case. See to_any_case() for more details on this argument.

Value

A named character vector with all variable labels from the data frame or list; or a simple character vector (of length 1) with the variable label, if x is a variable. If x is a single vector and has no label attribute, the value of def.value will be returned (which is by default NULL).

See Also

See vignette Labelled Data and the sjlabelled-Package for more details; set_label to manually set variable labels or get_labels to get value labels; var_labels to set multiple variable labels at once.

Examples

Run this code
# NOT RUN {
# import SPSS data set
# mydat <- read_spss("my_spss_data.sav", enc="UTF-8")

# retrieve variable labels
# mydat.var <- get_label(mydat)

# retrieve value labels
# mydat.val <- get_labels(mydat)

data(efc)

# get variable lable
get_label(efc$e42dep)

# alternative way
get_label(efc)["e42dep"]

# 'get_label()' also works within pipe-chains
library(magrittr)
efc %>% get_label(e42dep, e16sex)

# set default values
get_label(mtcars, mpg, cyl, def.value = "no var labels")

# simple barplot
barplot(table(efc$e42dep))
# get value labels to annotate barplot
barplot(table(efc$e42dep),
        names.arg = get_labels(efc$e42dep),
        main = get_label(efc$e42dep))

# get labels from multiple variables
get_label(list(efc$e42dep, efc$e16sex, efc$e15relat))

# use case conversion for human-readable labels
data(iris)
get_label(iris, def.value = colnames(iris))
get_label(iris, def.value = colnames(iris), case = "parsed")
# }

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