`loadcent`

takes one or more graphs (`dat`

) and returns the load centralities of positions (selected by `nodes`

) within the graphs indicated by `g`

. Depending on the specified mode, load on directed or undirected geodesics will be returned; this function is compatible with `centralization`

, and will return the theoretical maximum absolute deviation (from maximum) conditional on size (which is used by `centralization`

to normalize the observed centralization score).

```
loadcent(dat, g = 1, nodes = NULL, gmode = "digraph", diag = FALSE,
tmaxdev = FALSE, cmode = "directed", geodist.precomp = NULL,
rescale = FALSE, ignore.eval = TRUE)
```

dat

one or more input graphs.

g

integer indicating the index of the graph for which centralities are to be calculated (or a vector thereof). By default, `g`

=1.

nodes

vector indicating which nodes are to be included in the calculation. By default, all nodes are included.

gmode

string indicating the type of graph being evaluated. `digraph`

indicates that edges should be interpreted as directed; `graph`

indicates that edges are undirected. `gmode`

is set to `digraph`

by default.

diag

logical; should self-ties be treated as valid data. Set this true if and only if the data can contain loops. `diag`

is `FALSE`

by default.

tmaxdev

logical; return the theoretical maximum absolute deviation from the maximum nodal centrality (instead of the observed centrality scores)? By default, `tmaxdev`

==`FALSE`

.

cmode

string indicating the type of load centrality being computed (directed or undirected).

geodist.precomp

a `geodist`

object precomputed for the graph to be analyzed (optional).

rescale

logical; if true, centrality scores are rescaled such that they sum to 1.

ignore.eval

logical; ignore edge values when computing shortest paths?

A vector of centrality scores.

Goh et al.'s *load centrality* (as reformulated by Brandes (2008)) is a betweenness-like measure defined through a hypothetical flow process. Specifically, it is assumed that each vertex sends a unit of some commodity to each other vertex to which it is connected (without edge or vertex capacity constraints), with routing based on a priority system: given an input of flow \(x\) arriving at vertex \(v\) with destination \(v'\), \(v\) divides \(x\) equally among all neigbors of minumum geodesic distance to the target. The total flow passing through a given \(v\) via this process is defined as \(v\)'s *load*. Load is a potential alternative to betweenness for the analysis of flow structures operating well below their capacity constraints.

Brandes, U. (2008). “On Variants of Shortest-Path Betweenness Centrality and their Generic Computation.” *Social Networks*, 30, 136-145.

Goh, K.-I.; Kahng, B.; and Kim, D. (2001). “Universal Behavior of Load Distribution in Scale-free Networks.” *Physical Review Letters*, 87(27), 1-4.

```
# NOT RUN {
g<-rgraph(10) #Draw a random graph with 10 members
loadcent(g) #Compute load scores
# }
```

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